Compiled by Rabbi Moishe Dovid Lebovits
Reviewed by Rabbi Benzion Schiffenbauer Shlita
All Piskei Horav Yisroel Belsky Shlita are reviewed by Horav Yisroel Belsky Shlita

Daily Torah Archives

Preparing Oneself for Davening Part 2

Hat / Jacket

The Shulchan Aruch(12) says that chachomim and their disciples wrap themselves when they daven. The Mishnah Berurah(13) writes that one should wear a hat when davening. The poskim say this also applies to wearing a jacket even if one is married and wearing a tallis.(14) If one does not have a hat for davening he should not take someone else’s without permission.(15) If one normally wears a hat and jacket for davening and finds himself without it, he should not daven without it unless there is no later minyan.(16) The jacket sleeves should be worn and not hung over the shoulders.(17)
Some poskim say that one who does not normally wear a hat and jacket in the street need not wear it for davening.(18) Many are lenient with this issue, but it is proper that a ben Torah should wear a hat and jacket.(19)

Wearing the brim of the hat up is generally viewed as a “cool way” of wearing the hat. One should preferably wear the brim down when he davens, which demonstrates a more humble and submissive posture.(20)

Covering the Head with a Tallis

The poskim say that covering the head with a tallis humbles a person (21) and brings him to yiras shomayim.(22) One should cover his head with a tallis from the beginning of davening until the end.(23) When getting an aliyah, one should not go up to the Torah with only his yarmulka on his head. His head should be covered either with a hat or a tallis(24)

(12) 91:6, see Siddur Yaavetz seder livisha page 87, Ben Ish Chai Yisro ibid, Chai Adom 22:8, Kaf Hachaim 91:26. 913) 12, Ohr Letzyion 2:7:13, see Rivevos Ephraim 3:1168:4, Halichos Yisroel page 287. Some say if one does not normally wear a hat, then wearing it for davening is not required (Yagel Yaakov page 152). The Siddur Yaavetz page 87:4 says it is the way of the modest ones to walk with a yarmulka and hat on top of it. (See Lekutei Maharich 1:page 8:new). (14) Ishei Yisroel page 726:94, Siach Tefilla (sefer zichoron) page 690:32, Nekius Vekovod Betefilla page 200:197 quoting the opinion of Horav Chaim Kanievesky shlita, Halichos Shlomo Tefilla 2:15, Teshuvos Vehanhagos 4:26, see Aruch Hashulchan 91:2, Lekach Hakemach Hachodesh ibid page 316, Ve’alayu Lo Yeibol pages 76-77. (15) Halichos Chaim 2:2:7. (16) Halichos Shlomo ibid 2:15:footnote 25, Avnei Yoshfei Tefilla page 54:6. See Nekius Vekovod B’tefilla 11:5:footnote 7. Others feel that tefilla betzibbur is more important (Sheilas Rav 2:6:93, Yugel Yaakov page 87). (17) Halichos Shlomo ibid:footnote 23, Mivakshei Torah 5755:page 243, see Orchos Rabbeinu:150, Nekius Vekovod Betefilla page 184:124. (18) Tzitz Eliezer 13:13, 14:49. (19) Horav Yisroel Belsky shlita, see Teshuvos Vehanhagos 4:29, Nekius Vekovod Betefilla page 200:196, Tzitz Eliezer 13:13, Hamesivta 5753:page 285. (20) Horav Yisroel Belsky shlita. (21) Bach 8, Shaarei Teshuva 8:3, Mishnah Berurah 8:4. See Radvaz 1:343. (22) Orchos Yosher page 105:40. (23) Leket Yosher page 13, Elya Rabbah 8:4, Eliyahu Zuta 8:4, Be’er Heitiv 8:3, Sefer Matamim page 45:9 (old), Mishnah Berurah ibid, Kaf Hachaim 8:10, Ketzos Hashulchan 7:4, Me’asef Lechol Hamachanos 8:14, Be’er Moshe 5:2, Yechaveh Daas 5:1, Sheiros Yosef 1:8:28. See Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 9:8, Kaf Ha’chaim 8:12 who are lenient. (24) Shaarei Ephraim 3:18, Be’er Moshe 5:2, Minhag Yisroel Torah 141:1.

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Halachically Speaking is a bi-weekly publication compiled by Rabbi Moishe Dovid Lebovits, a former chaver kollel of Yeshiva Torah Voda'ath and a musmach of Horav Yisroel Belsky, shlit"a. Rabbi Lebovits currently works as a Rabbinical Administrator for Kof-K Kosher Superivison.

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