The crucial distinction between Eretz Yisrael and, lihavdil elef alfei havdalos, Zionism, should answer most of the "questions".
But despite the technology, innovations and Yeshivos, the ideology of Zionism and its communist propaganda is so bankrupt that it's almost beyond comprehension how rational people still believe in it!
Just take a look at the news coming out of Israel. It seems every day there is another story that indicates just how mistaken this Zionist egel was and is.
Today, one can read on YWN that the IDF soldiers cannot defend themselves against these savages but have to run away from them because cameras are rolling and world opinion won't like the response.
This is the Zionist answer to the "galut Jew": to outdo the galus Jew, not to make it better as they dream. The Zionists are prisoners in "their own land", where their army has to cut and run, the entire country is practically a walled entity with multi-million dollar missile shields and bomb shelters that still don't provide total protection -- and which should not be necessary to begin with -- and they have never known a day of peace and fought multiple bloody wars in its rather bloody few decades of existence, not to mention all the terror attacks, ch"V, Hashem Yishmor.
What normal country builds bomb shelters as a standard feature in its apartment buildings? What country doesn't defend its own borders and can't even define them?
How many thousands of Jews have died for this Egel, some of them quite brutally? How many families destroyed? Was it worth it? Do you believe there is any acceptable amount of blood?
The Torah says VaChai BaHem, not to sacrifice lives, CH"V, for this egel or for almost anything else. What about the tens of thousands of traumatized Jews? What about the doros and olamos of Jews intentionally shmaded by those reshaim, some of whom are, B"H, returning to Yahadus but many of whom who have not?
Yet, you intelligent and thinking people still believe in this idolatry and fraud even with 60+ years of history behind you! (And the gedolim all knew this even before 1948, contrary to Zionist propaganda; all agreed the State was and is a disaster, even after 1948. The Satmar Rav was different only in method of action, not in position.)
As I've posted before, if anyone can't understand how people believed in the Baal and had the chutzpah to attend the show-down between Eliyahu HaNavi and, lihavdil, the Neviei HaBaal, as if there was some thought that the baal might win, then the mass indoctrination and Zionist brainwashing should make it quite clear how this could be. Stop and think how absurd this whole thing was. Eliyahu HaNavi, tells you Hashem is G-d and you actually show up to a mountain to wait and see if he's right? It's one thing to worship idols, as Chazal tell us the yetzer hara to do so was enormous. But to actually attend that showdown as if it wasn't perfectly clear what the truth was and is?
Back to today, look at how many people believe in this nonsense of nationalism, which is a 19th century relic, and, worse, they have grafted that on to our holy Torah to surpass almost all else in importance. How is this possible?
The only rational answer seems to be, IMHO, as multiple gedolim have written, this is a magnificently orchestrated maase satan, and he has, unfortunately, fooled a lot of people. What other rational explanation is there for why so many wise and otherwise great people can be so sadly mistaken when it comes to this issue.