Can there be parve meat?

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  • #1429927
    Avi K
    Participant

    The Malbim says (http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=40102&st=&pgnum=168) that the meat of an animal created using Sefer Yetzira is parve. Could this be applied to in vitro meat. Would it at least be kosher if the animal is kosher? If the animal is not first killed is it ever min hachai?

    #1429956
    Joseph
    Participant

    There’s OU certified imitation pork.

    Is chicken meat? M’doraisa chicken is pareve.

    #1429934
    ubiquitin
    Participant

    “Could this be applied to in vitro meat”

    not necessarily. IT depends what you mean by”in vitro meat”
    Usually the starting cell is a cell that allowsfor rapid proliferation like an animal embryonic stem cell. Now if this cell is fleishigs (or treif) arguably it is never batul as it is a davar hamamid. Thus it isnt quite the same as using completly artificial means or Sefer Yetzirah. OF course completly artifricla meat using chemicals in a lab with no animal derivatives would be pareve.

    I’m not sure why you mention ever min hachai, In vitro meat isnt a living animal

    #1429979
    Avi K
    Participant

    Ubiquitin, it is a cell of a living animal. While it is less than a k’zayit we pasken that les than a shiur is a Torah prohibition just that there is no earthly punishment.

    #1430073
    GAON
    Participant

    Avi,

    Sefer Yetzirah as per the Talmud in Sanhedrin is basically totally Artificial.

    The very same issue pertains to Chanukah – there is the famous question (it is repeated in the name of Rav Chaim of Brisk) about the Nes on Chanukah, according to the ones that the vesel refilled itself with new “miracle” oil – how can it be used for “Shemen Menorah” – after all it is not “shemen Zayis” , it is rather some artificial “miracle oil” which is not “Olive Oil”.

    Some dispute the above from the Gemora in Menachos regarding Omer – wheat that came through a Nes, that the problem is not the “miracle” but rather, that it is not from Eretz Yisrael…

    #1430107
    akuperma
    Participant

    Meat from fish is parve (a now rejected view was that chicken was parve).

    If one manages to clone meat such that the “steak” was never part of a living animal, it might be considered parve (the question will become answerable in the near future when that technology moves to fruition).

    #1430102
    Avi K
    Participant

    G, so is in vitro meat. If you buy a natural chicken wing a chicken was slaughtered and then its wings were cut off. Here a cell is grown into a chicken wing. in a lab. There will have to be a pesak on this as Israel is a leader in the field and just signed a $300m deal to export to China.

    #1430052
    ubiquitin
    Participant

    “it is a cell of a living animal.”

    what is?

    As I mentioned IF it is from a living animal, (it doesnt have to be they can (and have) used embryonic cells and of course they cfan shecht an animal and use its cells) then that cell might not be batul as arguably it is a davar hamamid. Adavar hammaid is an ingredient that is necessary for the finished product. The classic example is rennet without which you wouldnt have cheese.

    On the other hand maybe a microscopic cell is less of a davar hammamid since it isnt even viible to the eye.
    Though perhaps it is worse since it literally leads to every other cell being produced.

    If it isnt a davar hamamid youd have less of a problem. while of course chatzi shiur is assur. a cell might be batul

    #1430174
    GAON
    Participant

    Avi,

    “There will have to be a pesak on this”

    I recall the Tzitz Eliezer wrote about this years ago… I will have to look it up.

    #1430146
    Gadolhadorah
    Participant

    Would be easier (albeit less tasteful) to simply rely upon protein-based “feaux” meats, chicken, fish etc. plant and vegetable-based products are certainly much more healthy although unlikely to ever achieve the taste and texture these new “in-vitro” products claim to have

    #1430191
    WinnieThePooh
    Participant

    One would also have to consider the media in which it is grown- does it have animal products added like bovine calf serum, common sources of growth factors for maintaining cells in culture, which are unlikely to be produced from a shechted animal, even if it is kosher (there is also horse serum). And if they use plant products instead of animal products as growth media, then there may be issues of chametz to consider.

    AviK I think your ever min hachai question is fascinating. Say they take a muscle fiber biopsy from a live cow, isolate the stem cells or muscle progenitors from the tissue, and then grow it/differentiate into a steak, is eating the steak considered eating ever min hachai?

    #1430551
    Avi K
    Participant

    Ubiquitin, the burger is grown from a cell of a live cow. Shechting it would defeat the purpose, which is to have meat without harming animals.

    Dor, not being as tasty can allow shechting an animal and cooking the meat on Yom Tov rather than erev YT. This we see that it is an important consideration.

    #1430574
    ubiquitin
    Participant

    “the burger is grown from a cell of a live cow”

    It doesnt have to be

    “. Shechting it would defeat the purpose,”

    that depends what the purpose is.
    If the purpose is to have cheap meat it wouldn’t defeat the purpose (in the long run). IF the purpose was to have pareve meat and this is deemed pareve, again it wouldnt defeat the purpose. If the purpose was to minimize slaughtered cows then shechting one and creating, say, 10 cows worth of meat wouldnt defeat the purpose.

    #1430566

    …not being as tasty can allow shechting an animal and cooking
    the meat on Yom Tov rather than erev YT. Thus we see that it is an
    important consideration.

    I think you may be giving that too much importance.

    #1430590
    Avi K
    Participant

    Rand, not everyone is on your exalted level.

    #1430612
    mentsch1
    Participant

    Ubiq
    If a cell is a davar chashuv in halacha then we wouldn’t be able to drink water with all the microscopic organisms in it
    why would this be different?

    #1430725
    ubiquitin
    Participant

    Mentsch

    A cell is not a davar chashuv nor is rennet. However even a non-davar chasuv, if it is a “maamid” Ie without it there is no final product (this may not be the best explanation I am open to others). Just like since without rennet you wouldn’t have cheese, that minute amount of rennet isnt batul, likely here too since without that original cell you wouldnt have your In vitro meat, that cell cannot be batul.

    On the other hand, clearly rules of bittul dont apply to microscopic organisms, otherwise bacterium wouldnt be batul as they are beryeh a creature. Clearly on a microscopic level even a beryeh is batul perhaps a davar hamamid too (of course the rules for bitul are not necessarily equivalent and it is quite possible that while a LActobacillum acidophulus is batul althoug a beryeh a stem cell might not be batul) I’m not sure if the fact that it is deliberately added is necessarily relevant, since yogurts often advertise “live cultures” which are sometimes added and nonetheless certified kosher.

    Furthermore hwen a cell divides its DNA is split between the 2 cells. So discussing which is hte “original stem cell” doesnt really make sense when there are 2 cells the “original cell” is gone and half of the DNA of each new cell came from the original cell. so the idea of bitul might not make sense at all. (I’m not sure if this makes it better or worse)

    Of course all this ignores a perhaps more pertinent issue of davar habah min hatamei.

    #1430782
    GAON
    Participant

    As in general shailah, The Gemorah in Sanhedrin (59b) reads:

    讻讬 讛讗 讚专”砖 讘谉 讞诇驻转讗 讛讜讛 拽讗讝讬诇 讘讗讜专讞讗 驻讙注讜 讘讜 讛谞讱 讗专讬讜转讗 讚讛讜讜 拽讗 谞讛诪讬 诇讗驻讬讛 讗诪专 (转讛诇讬诐 拽讚, 讻讗) 讛讻驻讬专讬诐 砖讜讗讙讬诐 诇讟专祝 谞讞讬转讜 诇讬讛 转专转讬 讗讟诪转讗 讞讚讗 讗讻诇讜讛 讜讞讚讗 砖讘拽讜讛 讗讬讬转讬讛 讜讗转讗 诇讘讬 诪讚专砖讗 讘注讬 注诇讛 讚讘专 讟诪讗 讛讜讗 讝讛 讗讜 讚讘专 讟讛讜专 讗”诇 讗讬谉 讚讘专 讟诪讗 讬讜专讚 诪谉 讛砖诪讬诐 讘注讬 诪讬谞讬讛 专’ 讝讬专讗 诪专’ 讗讘讛讜 讬专讚讛 诇讜 讚诪讜转 讞诪讜专 诪讛讜 讗”诇 讬讗专讜讚 谞讗诇讗 讛讗 讗诪专讬 诇讬讛 讗讬谉 讚讘专 讟诪讗 讬讜专讚 诪谉 讛砖诪讬诐:

    I would assume based on the above Gemorah that the reason it is mutar is entirely based on the fact that it is 讗讬谉 讚讘专 讟诪讗 讬讜专讚 诪谉 讛砖诪讬诐, meaning, that anything else even if it is unnatural it has the same status as natural regarding Tumah etc. As after all a donkey is still a donkey.

    However Rashi says:
    讛讗 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 讗讬谉 讚讘专 讟诪讗 讬讜专讚 诪谉 讛砖诪讬诐 : 讜讚讘专 砖讗讬谞讜 讛讜讗 讜讗诐 讬砖谞讜 讟讛讜专 讛讜讗:

    From Rashi’s added words :
    “- 讜讚讘专 砖讗讬谞讜 讛讜讗 – 讜讗诐 讬砖谞讜 we can say that Rashi is implying that being that it was unnatural it has a status of “讚讘专 砖讗讬谞讜 讛讜讗 –

    However, as Ubiq pointed out, the fact that it is taken and grown out of a natural’s cell might give it a diff status, although we might argue that is completely as ‘Panim Chadashos’ and is entirely a diff Min, or perhaps it has the status of ‘Yotzeih Min Hatomeh’ etc as well…

    In any case, it is indeed a fascinating shailah with many angles to ponder…

    #1430783
    馃憫RebYidd23
    Participant

    Why are bacteria different from plants?

    #1430813
    akuperma
    Participant

    Until their is actual “lab grown meat” in commercial production, anyone writing an halachic analysis is writing science fiction, not Torah (similar to: if I miss the time for saying Shma and then hop in a “Tardis” and go back a few hours and Shma on time, have I fulfilled the requirement of saying Shma b’Zman).

    My prediction, is that Bnei Torah and Bnei Torah wannabees, will consider lab grown meat to be fleishig, and require a heckcher showing that the original cells were taken from a properly slaughtered kosher animal. If the “meat” is created by some sort of 3-D printer, with the material used being inorganic to begin with, it will be parve.

    #1430886
    ubiquitin
    Participant

    “Until their is actual 鈥渓ab grown meat鈥 in commercial production, anyone writing an halachic analysis is writing science fiction, not Torah”

    At what point does it cross over from science fiction to Torah?
    Does it have to be commercially available?
    what if is developed but not mass produced yet?
    does it have to be in stores? cna we discuss it once its on the ruck on the way to the store?
    What if I can do it but nobody else, is it Torah for me and science fiction for you?

    Does this rule apply to practical questions that havent happened, for example discussing throwing a get that lands between the husband and wife, is that only Torah once such a metzius has occured? IF yes why is that different?
    what about Cases that will never occur like te man deamor who says so regarding Ir hanidachas?

    Thanks

    #1431158
    Avi K
    Participant

    Akuperma, you don’t need a tardis. if the Concorde is revived you can fly in it westward. Depending on how far from the Equator you are you might be able to gain two time zones.

    As for what bnei Torah will do there will probably be another kashrut war similar to the present chicken war. This is known in Hebrew as 讗讞讜讚转 (I don’t have time to look it up but there is a Rema against this regarding a case where the community of Rheinish allowed eating a fish that other communities did not yet they did not hesitate to use Rheinish’s utensils).

    #1431427
    GAON
    Participant

    I found a 诪讗讬专讬 on the above Gemorah I mentioned, regarding eating the donkey that came down from heaven:

    “讛专讘讛 驻注诪讬诐 诪讛诇讻讬诐 讘讗讜讜讬专, 诪转讜讱 注讬驻讜砖 讛讗讚讬诐 讜诇住讬讘讜转 讗讞专讜转, 砖专爪讬诐 讜砖讗专 讘专讬讜转 砖驻诇讜转 砖讘诪讬谞讬 讛专讞讬砖讜转 讜讛砖专讬爪讜转, 讜讬讜专讚讜转 讘讗专抓, 讜讚讘专讬诐 讗诇讜 讗讬谉 驻拽驻讜拽 讘讗讬住讜专谉 讻诇诇. 讜诇讗 讗诪专讜 “讗讬谉 讚讘专 讟诪讗 讬讜专讚 诪谉 讛砖诪讬诐” 讗诇讗 讘讚讘专讬诐 砖讗讬谞诐 诪讚专讱 讟讘注 讜转讜诇讚讜转, 讗诇讗 诪讚专讱 诪讜驻转, 讜讛讜讗 砖谞诇拽讞讜 讛讚讘专讬诐 讘诪讬谞讬 讛讘讛诪讜转 讟讛讜专讜转 讜讟诪讗讜转 砖讛谉 讚讘专讬诐 砖讗讬 讗驻砖专 讘讛诐 讗诇讗 诪讚专讱 砖讬谞讜讬 讛讟讘注讬诐 讜讞讬讚讜砖 讛讘专讬讗讛

    I wonder if the above statement
    砖讗讬 讗驻砖专 讘讛诐 讗诇讗 诪讚专讱 砖讬谞讜讬 讛讟讘注讬诐 讜讞讬讚讜砖 讛讘专讬讗讛 can be applied to the above unnatural process and thus will be proof that is permitted. The way I understand it, he is basically saying that the above 砖专爪讬诐 created via bacteria and mold etc is all part of nature, but something that is 诪讚专讱 砖讬谞讜讬 讛讟讘注讬诐 is a diff category.

    #1431426
    cherrybim
    Participant

    Udder nonsense!

    #1431473

    鈥ot being as tasty can allow shechting an animal and cooking
    the meat on Yom Tov rather than erev YT. Thus we see that it is an
    important consideration.

    You didn’t mean that regarding kashrus, right?
    (I just realized that now.)

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