Mishpatim – Judgement

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  • #2054338
    Reb Eliezer
    Participant

    The Dubner Maggid explains the statement to Yisro by Moshe Rabbenu כי יהי’ להם דבר בא אלי when they have a judgement, he comes to me, where he should have said באים אלי, they come to me? He explains that there are two kinds of judgements. One might go to a Din Torah to ascertain that the other party did not take something from him or he goes to a Din Torah to ascertain that he did not take something from the other party. In the second case only one side needs to go the Din Torah as he will argue for his counter part. I think this explains why Moshe Rabbenu did not think of Yisro’s advice figuring that it is not right for him to delegate the judgement when the baal din is so watchful not to harm monetarily the other party.
    The Chasan Sofer explains that Moshe Rabbenu pointed out to Yisro how important it is for him to hear their problems which affects him personally to give them the proper judgement, as the argument comes to my heart.

    #2054887
    Reb Eliezer
    Participant

    Judgement from Above is mentioned by Rashi 21,13. Two individuals where one killed intentionally and other unintentionally and there are no witnesses for either one. Hashem invites them to one motel. The one who killed intentionally sleeps in a bunkbed below and other above. The one from above falls on the one from below and kills him with witnesses. Now, the one above goes to orei miklat, to exile and the one below got killed.

    #2055071
    Reb Eliezer
    Participant

    A person can judge his own behavior with the interpretation of Rav Nasson Adler ztz’l as quoted by the talmid, the Chasam Sofer. כי יתן איש אל רעיהו כסף או כלים לשמור Hashem (being referred to as Ish) gives a person money and kelim, utensils (eyes, ears, mouth) to guard וגונב מבית האיש and he steals it away from Hashem by using it for his own purpose rather than doing mitzvos. אם ימצא הגנב ישלם שנים if he is found guilty by judgement Above, one pays double, one, for not listening and two, for not letting Hashem do good to him. אם לא ימצא הגנב, if he repents through love, so the sin gets completely erased, ונקרב בעל הבית אל האלקים, he brings himself closer to Hashem, more than if he never sinned, provided אם לא שלח ידו במלאכת רעיהו, if he did not violate sins of ben adam lechavero, personal inter- relationships.

    #2055346
    Reb Eliezer
    Participant

    The mishna in the beginning of Bava Kama enumerates four means of causing harm. They can also be interpreted spiritually. The ox standing erectly, gaiva, the digging of a pit, being in the pits, sinning through the mouth, fire of desire, taiva. These mainly contribute to our sins.

    #2055857
    Reb Eliezer
    Participant

    The Dubner Maggid with the above reply #2054338 explains the mishna in Pirkei Avos שלי שלך, שלך שלך חסיד. If mine is yours isn’t obvious that your is yours? So he says that a person, when in question, is willing to give up his by saying mine is yours because he wants to be sure that the other person’s belongings stay with him. and his is his.

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