Israel’s government on Sunday approved the immigration of several thousand people from war-torn Ethiopia, some of whom have waited for decades to join their relatives in Israel.
Some 140,000 Ethiopian Jews live in Israel. Community leaders estimate that roughly 6,000 others remain behind in Ethiopia.
Although the families are of Jewish descent and many are practicing Jews, Israel does not consider them Jewish under religious law. Instead, they have been fighting to enter the country under a family-unification program that requires special government approval.
Community activists have accused the government of dragging its feet in implementing a 2015 decision to bring all remaining Ethiopians of Jewish lineage to Israel within five years.
Under Sunday’s decision, an estimated 3,000 people will be eligible to move to Israel. They include parents, children and siblings of relatives already in Israel, as well as orphans whose parents were in Israel when they died.
“Today we are correcting an ongoing injustice,” said Pnina Tamano Shata, the country’s minister for immigration and herself an Ethiopian immigrant. She said the program was a response to people who have waited “too many years to come to Israel with their families” and to resolve a “painful issue.”
Tamano-Shata threatened to quit and cause a coalition crisis unless the government would agree to rescue the remainder of the Falash Mura community. Following the threat, Interior Minister Ayelet Shaked held a meeting with her and agreed to bring the remaining members of the community to Israel, despite the fact that they are of questionable Jewish heritage and there are conflicting reports about the level of danger they are in.
Additionally, the last group of Ethiopians brought to Israel lied about their Jewish ancestry and some may have been former officers implicated in war crimes.
It was not immediately clear when the airlift would begin. The government appointed a special project coordinator to oversee the effort.
Kasaw Shiferaw, chairman of the group Activists for the Immigration of Ethiopian Jews, welcomed Sunday’s decision but said there was still a long way to go.
“On one hand, this decision makes me happy. Three thousand people are realizing a dream and uniting with their families,” he said.
“But it’s not a final resolution. Thousands are still waiting in camps, some for more than 25 years. We expect the government to bring all of them,” he said.
(YWN Israel Desk – Jerusalem & AP)