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    Shiva Asar Betammuz- Moshe broke 1st set of Luchos

    Yud Ches Tammus- Egel Hazahav destroyed

    yortzait of Harav Yaakov Aryeh of Radzmin

    Yud Tes Tammuz- Yortzait of Harav Eliezer Yehuda Finnkel, Rosh Yeshivas Mir

    yortzait of harav bentzion abba Shaul

    mayan_dvash- zayin was the Lev Simcah of Gur’s yortzait


    This Date in History (July 9th)

    1992 – Democratic presidential candidate Bill Clinton tapped Sen. Al Gore of Tennessee to be his running mate.

    2001 – A court in Chile ruled that Gen. Augusto Pinochet could not be tried on human rights charges because of his deteriorating physical and mental health.

    2004 – A Senate Intelligence Committee report concluded the CIA had provided unfounded assessments of the threat posed by Iraq that the Bush administration relied on to justify going to war.


    This Date in History (July 10th)

    1973 – The Bahamas became independent after three centuries of British colonial rule.

    1985 – Coca-Cola Co., bowing to pressure from irate customers after the introduction of New Coke, said it would resume selling its old formula.

    2006 – A section of ceiling in Boston’s Big Dig tunnel collapsed, killing a car passenger.


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 11th of July over the years:

    Mathematical calculations suggest that it is on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun for the last time before 1979. (1735)

    Pogrom: Jews are expelled from Little Russia. (1740)

    Halifax, Nova Scotia is almost completely destroyed by fire. (1750)

    The United States takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty. (1796)

    Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel. (1804)

    A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is published. (1859)

    Former U.S. President William Howard Taft is sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, becoming the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice. (1921)

    The Triborough Bridge in New York City is opened to traffic. (1936)

    The phrase In God We Trust is added to all U.S. currency. (1955)

    According to the United Nations, the world population crosses the 5,000,000,000 (5 billion) mark. (1987)


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 12th of July over the years:

    Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel. (1804)

    The Medal of Honor is authorized by the United States Congress. (1862)

    A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States. (1973)

    Democratic presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale named New York Congresswoman Geraldine A. Ferraro his running mate, making her the first woman to run on a major party ticket (1984)

    Russian President Boris Yeltsin resigned from the Communist Party. (1990)

    Hezbollah guerrillas kidnapped two Israeli soldiers and killed eight others in a cross-border raid; Israel sent ground troops into Lebanon in response (2006)


    This Date in History (July 13th)

    1960 – John F. Kennedy won the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Los Angeles

    1977 – A 25-hour blackout hit the New York City area after lightning struck upstate power lines.

    2005 – Former WorldCom Inc. boss Bernard Ebbers was sentenced to 25 years in prison for leading the largest corporate fraud in U.S. history.


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 14th of July over the years:

    Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France. (1223)

    Congress passed the Sedition Act, making it a federal crime to publish false, scandalous or malicious writing about the U.S. government.(1798)

    Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner. (1881)

    All German political parties except the Nazi Party were outlawed. (1933)

    The American space probe Mariner 4 flew by Mars, sending back photographs of the red planet. (1965)

    The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation. (1969)

    Jimmy Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in New York City. (1976)

    Major league baseball umpires voted to resign and not work the final month of the season. (1999)

    The United States Government admits to the existence of “Area 51” (2003)

    Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe. (2007)


    I’m back- was away visiting family.

    22 Tammuz

    5552 / 1792

    Rabbi Shlomo of Karlin is murdered al Kiddush Hashem

    5702 / 1942

    Rabbi Nechemiyah Alter of Lodz’ is murdered al Kiddush Hashem


    Today marks the 220th anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, an old French fortress built for jailing political prisoners. On July 14th, 1789, Parisian citizens stormed the gates of the prison, overcoming the unsuspecting guards and freeing the seven prisoners, none of whom happened to be particularly important or high-profile prisoners. Nonetheless, the storming of the Bastille heightened the people’s morale and created an atmosphere of rebelliousness which led to the abolishment of feudalism on August 4th. French citizens still celebrate Bastille Day on July 14th every year.


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 15th of July over the years:

    Reconstruction era of the United States: Georgia becomes the last of the former Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union. (1870)

    In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing and George Conrad Westervelt incorporate Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing). (1916)

    Continental Airlines commences operations. (1934)

    President Harry S. Truman was nominated for another term by the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia. (1948)

    First flight of the Boeing 367-80, prototype for both the Boeing 707 and C-135 series. (1954)

    Eighteen Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by thirty-four others. (1955)

    The steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history. (1959)

    Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona was nominated for president at the Republican National Convention in San Francisco. (1964)

    President Richard Nixon announced he would visit the People’s Republic of China to seek a “normalization of relations.” (1971)

    A 36-hour kidnap ordeal began for 26 schoolchildren and their bus driver as they were abducted near Chowchilla, Calif., by three gunmen and imprisoned in an underground cell. (The captives escaped unharmed.) (1976)

    President Jimmy Carter delivered a speech in which he lamented what he called a “crisis of confidence” in America. Though he didn’t use the word, it became known as the “malaise” speech. (1979)

    The Orly airport attack in Paris leaves 8 people dead and 55 injured. (1983)

    Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton claimed the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in New York City. (1992)

    The government acknowledged for the first time that thousands of workers were made sick while making nuclear weapons and announced a compensation plan. (1999)

    AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day. (2003)


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 16th of July over the years:

    The first banknotes in Europe are issued by the Swedish bank Stockholms Banco. (1661)

    The District of Columbia is established as the capital of the United States after the signing of the Residence Act. (1790)

    Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licensed to practice medicine in Canada. (1880)

    The world’s first parking meter is installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (1935)

    Rafle du Vel’d’Hiv: the Vichy France government orders French police officers to round up 13,000-20,000 Jews and imprison them in the Winter Velodrome. (1942)

    Manhattan Project: The Atomic Age begins when the United States successfully detonates a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon at the Trinity site near Alamogordo, New Mexico. (1945)

    United States Marine Major John Glenn flies a F8U Crusader supersonic jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds setting a new transcontinental speed record. (1957)

    Apollo program: Apollo 11, the first manned space mission to land on the moon, is launched from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida. (1969)

    Watergate Scandal: Former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield informs the United States Senate that President Richard Nixon had secretly recorded potentially incriminating conversations. (1973)

    Iraqi President Hasan al-Bakr resigns and is replaced by Saddam Hussein. (1979)

    Ronald Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Detroit. (1980)


    24 Tammuz

    5591 / 1831

    The passing of Rabbi Meir of Apt, author of ‘Ohr Lashamayim’

    5662 / 1902

    The passing of Rabbi Yaakov Yosef, the first rabbi of New York

    5701 / 1941

    The passing of Rabbi Kamos Pelach, head of the rabbinical court of Nagazi-Tripoli, Libya

    This information was taken with permission from a website called Etrog


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 17th of July over the years:

    The Fourth Crusade captures Constantinople by assault. The Byzantine emperor Alexius III Angelus flees from his capital into exile. (1203)

    Napoleonic Wars: In France, Napoleon surrenders at Rochefort, Charente-Maritime to British forces. (1815)

    Spain ceded Florida to the United States. (1821)

    The Great Train Wreck of 1856 occurs in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania killing over 60 people. (1856)

    The RMS Carpathia, the ship that rescued the 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic, is sunk off Ireland by the German submarine U-55; 5 lives are lost. (1918)

    After successfully crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Europe under mysterious circumstances. (1933)

    Douglas Corrigan takes off to fly the “wrong way” to Ireland and becomes known as “Wrong Way” Corrigan. (1938)

    Port Chicago disaster: Near the San Francisco Bay, two ships laden with ammunition for the war explode in Port Chicago, California, killing 320. (1944)

    Southern Democrats opposed to the party’s position on civil rights met in Birmingham, Ala., to endorse South Carolina Gov. Strom Thurmond. (1948)

    Disneyland opened in Anaheim, Calif. (1955)

    Nuclear weapons testing: The “Small Boy” test shot Little Feller I becomes the last atmospheric test detonation at the Nevada Test Site. (1962)

    A walkway at the Hyatt Regency in Kansas City, Missouri collapses killing 114 people and injuring more than 200 caused by structural failure. (1981)

    First flight of the B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber (1989)

    The Nasdaq Composite index closed above the 1,000 mark for the first time. (1995)

    TWA Flight 800: Off the coast of Long Island, New York, a Paris-bound TWA Boeing 747 explodes, killing all 230 on board. (1996)

    Bashar Assad, son of Hafez Assad, became Syria’s 16th head of state. (2000)


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 18th of July over the years:

    Great fire of Rome: a fire begins to burn in the merchant area of Rome and soon burns completely out of control. (64)

    Britain introduced the concept of voting by secret ballot. (1872)

    Adolf Hitler ym”s publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf. (1925)

    The Democratic National Convention in Chicago nominated President Franklin D. Roosevelt for an unprecedented third term in office. (1940)

    Russian satellite Zond 3 launched. (1965)

    The Intel Corporation is founded in Santa Clara, California (1968)

    After a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts drives an Oldsmobile off a bridge and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, dies. (1969)

    McDonald’s massacre in San Ysidro, California: in a fast-food restaurant, James Oliver Huberty opens fire, killing 21 people and injuring 19 others before being shot dead by police. (1984)

    Beverly Lynn Burns becomes first female Boeing 747 airline captain. (1984)

    A tornado is broadcast live on KARE television in Minnesota when the station’s helicopter pilot makes a chance encounter. (1986)

    The Amia (Jewish Communal Center) bombings occurred in Buenos Aires killing 85 people (mostly Jewish) and injuring 300. (1994)

    YW Moderator-42

    27 Tammuz:

    * Pope Innocent III promulgated a Church doctrine that the Jews were doomed to perpetual servitude and subjugation because they had killed Jesus, 1205. (The charge of deicide against the Jews was not officially removed from Church doctrine until 1963. There are still many Christians who believe in the guilt of the Jews, and many who act upon that belief.)

    * The third expulsion of the Jews of France, 1322. (One wonders why they kept coming back.)

    * A Jew and the Russian naval officer who converted to Judaism, having been influenced and/or taught by that Jew, were both burned at the stake in St. Petersburg, 1738.

    * Jews of Holstein, Germany were granted equality, 1893.

    YW Moderator-42

    July 19th:

    711 – Battle of Guadalete: Umayyad forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic.

    1553 – Fifteen-year-old Lady Jane Grey was deposed as queen of England after claiming the crown for nine days. Mary, the daughter of King Henry VIII, was proclaimed Queen Mary I.

    1834 – Edgar Degas, the French Impressionist painter and sculptor, was born.

    1870 – The Franco-Prussian war, which led to the unification of the German states, began.

    1941 – British Prime Minister Winston Churchill launched his “V for Victory” campaign in Europe.

    1943 – Allied air forces raided Rome during World War II.

    1969 – Apollo 11 and its astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin and Michael Collins, went into orbit around the moon.

    1979 – The Nicaraguan capital of Managua fell to Sandinista guerrillas, two days after President Anastasio Somoza fled the country.

    1980 – The Moscow Summer Olympics began; dozens of nations boycotted the games because of Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan.

    1985 – Christa McAuliffe of New Hampshire was chosen to be the first schoolteacher to ride aboard the space shuttle. (She died in the Challenger explosion in 1986.)

    1989 – A United Air Lines DC-10 crashed while making an emergency landing at Sioux City, Iowa, killing 112 people; 184 survived.

    1990 – Baseball’s all-time hits leader Pete Rose was sentenced in Cincinnati to five months in prison for tax evasion.

    2005 – President George W. Bush announced his choice of federal appeals court judge John Roberts to replace Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor.

    2006 – President George W. Bush issued his first presidential veto, rejecting a bill that could have multiplied federal money for embryonic stem cell research.


    That the Sioux City DC-10 crash had any survivors was only due to the incredible skill of the flight crew. All controls were lost due to the disintegration of one of the engines, which destroyed the hydraulic system. With the controls locked in a turning position, the pilots were able to steer the plane to a runway using only engine power. Unfortunately, the plane broke apart on landing, accounting for the casualties. A video of the crash-landing is available on YouTube, and the “whoop, whoop!” in the background (ground proximity warning? emergency vehicle? airport warning system?) as the plane is coming in is absolutely chilling.

    As part of the post-crash investigation following the crash, other air crews attempted to duplicate the landing the United crew had managed with similar damage. Not one attempt succeeded.


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 20th of July over the years:

    Colombia declared independence from Spain. (1810)

    The Congress of the Confederate States began holding sessions in Richmond, Va. (1861)

    British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada. (1871)

    Ford Motor Company shipped its first car. (1903)

    Air mail service begins between New York City and San Francisco. (1921)

    Congresswoman Alice Mary Robertson became the first woman to preside over the US House of Representatives. (1921)

    In Washington, D.C., police fire tear gas on World War I veterans part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force who attempt to march to the White House. (1932)

    Germany: Two-hundred Jewish merchants are arrested in Nuremberg and paraded through the streets. (1933)

    Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen. (1935)

    Denmark leaves the League of Nations. (1940)

    U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Hatch Act of 1939, limiting political activity by Federal government employees. (1940)

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for an unprecedented fourth term at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. (1944)

    Adolf Hitler ym”s was only slightly wounded when a bomb planted by would-be assassins exploded at the German leader’s Rastenburg headquarters. (1944)

    The US Congress approves the Bretton Woods Agreement. (1945)

    World War II: The US Congress’s Pearl Harbor Committee says Franklin D. Roosevelt is completely blameless for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and calls for a unified command structure in the armed forces. (1946)

    U.S. President Harry S. Truman issues a peacetime military draft in the United States amid increasing tensions with the Soviet Union. (1948)

    In New York City, twelve leaders of the Communist Party USA are indicted under the Smith Act including William Z. Foster and Gus Hall. (1948)

    Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their nineteen-month war. (1949)

    Cold War: In Philadelphia, Harry Gold pleads guilty to spying for the Soviet Union by passing secrets from atomic scientist Klaus Fuchs. (1950)

    King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem. (1951)

    Special Olympics founded. (1968)

    Apollo Program: Apollo 11 successfully lands the first man on the Moon. (1969)

    Palestianian terrorists hijack a Japan Airlines jet en route from Amsterdam to Japan and force it down in Dubai. (1973)

    The Viking 1 lander successfully lands on Mars. (1976)

    The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind control experiments. (1977)

    The United Nations Security Council votes 14-0 that member states should not recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. (1980)

    A federal appeals court set aside Oliver North’s Iran-Contra convictions. (1990)

    In Spain, an ETA bomb at an airport kills 35 (1996)

    The leaders of Salt Lake City’s bid to win the 2002 Winter Olympics are indicted by a federal grand jury for bribery, fraud, and racketeering. (2000)

    President George W. Bush signed an executive order prohibiting cruel and inhuman treatment, including humiliation or denigration of religious beliefs, in the detention and interrogation of terrorism suspects. (2007)


    5641 / 1881

    The passing of the Chassidic Master Rabbi Yeshayah Meshulam Zusha of Chernobyl

    5646 / 1886

    The passing of Rabbi Shlomo Gansfried, author of ‘Kitzur Shulchan Aruch’

    5746 / 1986

    The passing of Rabbi Chaim Friedlander, mashgiach of Yeshivas Ponevezh

    Information taken with permission from Etrog-Jewish content portal




    For a plane emergency story with a happier ending, google “1956 pan am 943”.


    29 Tammuz

    4865 / 1105

    5372 / 1612

    The passing of Rabbi Avraham Shaar Aryeh, author of ‘Shaltei Giborim’

    5591 / 1831

    The passing of Rabbi Moshe of Zaloshin, author of ‘Mishpat Tzeddek’

    5741 / 1981

    The passing of Rabbi Eloan Avidani, rabbi of Kurdistan and author of ‘Maasei Hagedolim’

    Copied with permission from Etrog

    Be Happy

    Rosh Chodesh Av: Rabbi Shlomo Halberstam zt”lthe Bobover Rebbe was niftar.


    2009 – A total (and spectacular) solar eclipse occurs over Southeast Asia. Too bad the weather wasn’t as spectacular.


    This Date in History (July 21)

    1831 – Belgium became independent as Leopold I was proclaimed King of the Belgians.

    1944 – American forces landed on Guam during World War II.

    1969 – Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin blasted off from the moon aboard the lunar module.

    1980 – Draft registration began in the United States for 19- and 20-year-old men

    2002 – Telecommunications giant WorldCom Inc. filed for bankruptcy protection after disclosing it had inflated profits by nearly $4 billion through deceptive accounting.

    2008 – Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, one of the world’s top war crimes fugitives, was arrested in a Belgrade suburb by Serbian security forces.


    This Day in History (July 22)

    1916 – In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring

    1991 – Police in Milwaukee arrested serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer.

    1998 – Iran tested a medium-range missile capable of reaching Israel or Saudi Arabia.

    2004 – The Sept. 11 commission issued a report saying America’s leaders failed to grasp the gravity of terrorist threats before the 9/11 attacks.


    Rosh Chodesh Av: Yarzheit of Ahron HaCohen


    July 23rd:

    1986 – King Hassan II meets with Israeli premier Simon Peres

    1980 – River of No Return Wilderness Area designated by Jimmy Carter

    1978 – Israeli government rejects Sadat’s call for return of 2 Sinai areas

    1973 – President Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the

    White House relevant to the Watergate investigation

    1972 – 1st Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) is launched

    1968 – PLO’s 1st hijacking of an El Al plane

    1967 – 43 die in race riot in Detroit (2,000 injured, 442 fires)

    1959 – Vice President Richard Nixon begins visit on U.S.S.R.

    1946 – Menachem Begins opposition group bombs King David Hotel

    1944 – U.S. forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II

    1944 – U.S. troops occupy Pisa, Italy

    1943 – Battle of Koersk, U.S.S.R. ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)

    1943 – U.S. 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini

    1940 – “Blitz” all-night air raid by German bombers on London begins

    1903 – Ford Motor sells 1st Model A car

    1886 – Steve Brodie supposedly survives plunge from Brooklyn Bridge

    1877 – 1st U.S. municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations

    1877 – 1st telephone and telegraph line in Hawaii completed

    1851 – Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians and U.S.

    1298 – Jews are massacred at Wurzburg Germany

    1298 – Rindfleish Persecutions-Jewish community Wurzburg Germany annihilated

    1253 – Jews are expelled from Vienne France by order of Pope Innocent III

    1148 – Crusaders attack Damascus

    636 – Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire


    jax seems like you and 39 cant agree on when the king david was bombed

    could it be you are both rite?? was it bombed twice????


    This Date in History (July 24)

    1959 – At the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev have a “Kitchen Debate”.

    2008 – Ford Motor Co. posted the worst quarterly performance in its history, losing $8.67 billion.

    2008 – Cheered by an enormous crowd in Berlin, Democratic presidential contender Barack Obama summoned Europeans and Americans together to “defeat terror and dry up the well of extremism that supports it” as surely as they had conquered communism a generation ago.


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 25th of July over the years:

    The Three Years War begins along the Maine and Massachusetts border. (1722)

    Wolfgang Mozart completes his Symphony number 40 in g minor (K550). (1788)

    At Aboukir in Egypt, Napoleon I of France defeats 10,000 Ottomans under Mustafa Pasha. (1799)

    Costa Rica annexes Guanacaste from Nicaragua. (1824)

    Wyoming becomes a United States territory. (1868)

    Telecommunications: the first transatlantic two-way radio broadcast takes place. (1920)

    The Nazis assassinate Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss in a failed coup attempt. (1934)

    Operation Crossroads: an atomic bomb is detonated underwater in the lagoon of Bikini atoll. (1946)

    The U.S. non-incorporated colonial territory of Puerto Rico adopts a “constitution” of local-limited powers, approved by the United States Congress in contravention of then-current International Law. (1952)

    The Italian liner Andrea Doria collided with the Swedish ship Stockholm off the New England coast, claiming the lives of 51 people. (1956)

    In a speech John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO. (1961)

    Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This is the start of the “Vietnamization” of the war. (1969)

    The first baby conceived by in-vitro fertilization was born in Oldham, England. (1978)

    Another section of the Sinai peacefully returned by Israel to Egypt. (1979)

    Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space. (1984)

    Israel launches a massive attack against terrorist forces in Lebanon in what the Israelis call Operation Accountability. (1993)

    Israel and Jordan sign the Washington Declaration, which formally ends the state of war that has existed between the nations since 1948. (1994)

    Air France Flight 4590, a Concorde supersonic passenger jet, F-BTSC, crashes just after takeoff from Paris killing all 109 aboard and 4 on the ground. (2000)

    Texas Gov. George W. Bush selected Dick Cheney to be his running mate on the Republican presidential ticket. (2000)

    Harry Patch, the last surviving soldier to have served in the Trenches in World War I, dies aged 111. (2009)

    California became the first state to ban trans fats from restaurant food. (2009)


    This Date in History (July 26)

    1964 – Teamsters president Jimmy Hoffa and six others were convicted of fraud and conspiracy in the handling of a union pension fund.

    2006 – A jury in Houston found Andrea Yates not guilty by reason of insanity in the drowning of her children in a bathtub in the second trial she faced on the charges; she was committed to a state mental hospital.


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 27th of July over the years:

    The first U.S. federal government agency, the Department of Foreign Affairs, is established (later renamed Department of State). (1789)

    French revolutionary leader Maximilien Robespierre was overthrown and placed under arrest; he was executed the following day. (1794)

    After two failures, Cyrus W. Field succeeded in laying the first underwater telegraph cable between North America and Europe. (1866)

    Researchers at the University of Toronto led by biochemist Frederick Banting announce the discovery of the hormone insulin. (1921)

    Korean War ends: The United States, People’s Republic of China, and North Korea, sign an armistice agreement. Syngman Rhee, president of South Korea, refuses to sign but pledges to observe the armistice. (1953)

    Vice President Richard M. Nixon was nominated for president at the Republican National Convention in Chicago. (1960)

    The F-15 Eagle flies for the first time. (1972)

    Watergate Scandal: The House of Representatives Judiciary Committee votes 27 to 11 to recommend the first article of impeachment against President Richard Nixon: obstruction of justice. (1974)

    In Washington, DC, the Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated. (1995)

    Centennial Olympic Park bombing: In Atlanta, Georgia, a pipe bomb explodes at Centennial Olympic Park during the 1996 Summer Olympics. Alice Hawthorne is killed, and a cameraman suffered a heart attack fleeing the scene. 111 injured. (1996)

    Ukraine airshow disaster: A Sukhoi Su-27 fighter crashes during an air show at Lviv, Ukraine killing 85 and injuring more than 100 others, the largest air show disaster in history. (2002)

    The Federal Republic of Germany is deemed guilty in the loss of Bashkirian 2937 and DHL Flight 611, because it is illegal to outsource flight surveillance. (2006)

    Phoenix News Helicopter Collision: News helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations KNXV and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix while covering a police chase; there are no survivors. This is the first known incidence of two news helicopters colliding in mid-air, and the worst civil aviation incident in Phoenix history. (2007)


    This Date in History (July 28)

    1976 – The Tangshan earthquake measuring between 7.8 and 8.2 moment magnitude flattens Tangshan, the People’s Republic of China, killing 242,769 and injuring 164,851.

    1998 – Bell Atlantic and GTE announced a $52 billion merger that created Verizon.

    2004 – The Democratic National Convention in Boston nominated Massachusetts Sen. John Kerry for president.

    2005 – The Irish Republican Army renounced the use of violence against British rule in Northern Ireland and said it would disarm.

    2008 – Four suicide bombers believed to be women struck a Shiite pilgrimage in Baghdad and a Kurdish protest rally in northern Iraq, killing at least 57 people and wounding nearly 300.


    YW Moderator-39-




    YW Moderator-42-


    Thank you for your very interesting daily posts on this thread.


    you are very welcome icot

    This Date in History (July 29)

    1914 – Transcontinental telephone service began with the first phone conversation between New York and San Francisco.

    1975 – President Gerald R. Ford became the first U.S. president to visit the site of the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz in Poland.

    2008 – Sen. Ted Stevens, R-Alaska, was indicted on seven felony counts of concealing more than a quarter of a million dollars in house renovations and gifts from a powerful oil contractor. (A judge later dismissed the case, saying prosecutors had withheld evidence.)


    I can only try: your welcome! glad ya enjoy them!


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 30th of July over the years:

    Baghdad is founded. (762)

    Christopher Columbus lands at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off the coast of Honduras during his fourth voyage. (1502)

    Baltimore, Maryland is founded. (1729)

    The Staten Island Ferry Westfield’s boiler explodes, killing over 85 people. (1871)

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill creating a women’s auxiliary agency in the Navy known as Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service, or WAVES. (1942)

    World War II: Japanese submarine I-58 sinks the USS Indianapolis, killing 883 seamen. (1945)

    A joint resolution of the U.S. Congress is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing In God We Trust as the U.S. national motto. (1956)

    US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid. (1965)

    Vietnam War: US President Richard M. Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam and meets with President Nguyen Van Thieu and U.S. military commanders. (1969)

    An All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 and a Japanese Air Force F-86 collide over Morioka, Japan killing 162. (1971)

    Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon releases subpoenaed White House recordings after being ordered to do so by the United States Supreme Court. (1974)

    Jimmy Hoffa disappears from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. He is never seen or heard from again. (1975)

    In Mexico, the last ‘old style’ Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line. (2003)

    Ex-Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic was extradited to The Hague to face genocide charges after nearly 13 years on the run. (2008)


    The USS Indianapolis was one of the most famous U.S. warships lost in World War 2, and its sinking and subsequent loss of life was due to its secret mission and provoked great controversy.

    The Indianapolis had been involved in several battles during WWII, and at one point had survived a direct bomb-strike due to the bomb completely passing thru the ship before exploding in the water underneath its hull.

    It was on a top-secret mission immediately before it was sunk by the I-58 on its return voyage.

    The mission? Delivering parts, including the uranium core of the atomic bomb that was dropped on Japan on August 6.

    Although about 900 of the 1,200 crew survived the attack and sinking of the Indianapolis, only slightly more than 300 were still alive when rescue ships finally arrived four days later. The other 600 initial survivors had succumbed to thirst, exhaustion and shark attacks.

    The sinking of the USS Indianapolis still represents the deadliest single loss of life at sea in the history of the US Navy.


    Tisha B’Av: Both Beis Hamikdashs were destroyed.


    (the info below is copied from Ohr Somayach and other sites)

    Moshe broke the first luchos when he came down from har Sinai to find the people worshiping the golden calf.

    Spies return from 40 days in Israel with evil reports of the Land of Israel. Jewish people cry in despair, give up hope of entering the Eretz Yisroel.

    Destruction of Bayis Rishon by the Babylonians, under Nebuchadnezzar. About 100,000 Jews killed during invasion. Exile of remaining tribes in southern kingdom to Babylon and Persia.

    70 C.E. Destruction of Bayis Shaini by Romans, under Titus. Over 2,500,000 Jews die as a result of war, famine and disease. Over 1,000,000 Jews exiled to all parts of the Roman Empire. Over 100,000 Jews sold as slaves by Romans. Jews killed and tortured in gladiatorial “games” and pagan celebrations.

    132 Betar destroyed – over 100,00 killed. Final destruction of Bar Kochba’s army after his last fortress, Betar, fell. Jerusalem was plowed by the Roman Emperor Hadrian and thus became a Roman city.

    133 Turnus Rufus ploughs site of Temple. Romans build pagan city of Aelia Capitolina on site of Jerusalem.

    1095 First Crusade declared by Pope Urban II. 10,000 Jews killed in first month of Crusade. Crusades bring death and destruction to thousands of Jews, totally obliterate many communities in Rhineland and France.

    1290 King Edward 1st of England signed an edict expelling all Jews from England. The expulsion is accompanied by pogroms and confiscation of books and property.

    1492 Inquisition in Spain and Portugal culminates in the expulsion of the Jews from the Iberian Peninsula. Families separated, many die by drowning, massive loss of property.

    1914 Britain and Russia declare war on Germany. First World War begins. First World War issues unresolved, ultimately causing Second World War and Holocaust. 75% of all Jews in war zones. Jews in armies of all sides – 120,000 Jewish casualties in armies. Over 400 pogroms immediately following war in Hungary, Ukraine, Poland and Russia.

    1940 Himler (ym”s) presented his plan to the Nazi Party on the “Final Solution” to the Jewish problem, July 31, 1940 – Tisha B’Av. One year later to the day, Himler’s “Plan” was implemented.

    1942 Deportations from Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp begin.

    1994 The deadly bombing the building of the AMIA (the Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, Argentina) which killed 86 people and wounded some 300 others.

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    Here is a list of things which happened on the 31th of July over the years:

    On his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to discover the island of Trinidad. (1498)

    The Spanish Armada is spotted off the coast of England. (1588)

    First U.S. patent is issued to inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process. (1790)

    The NSDAP wins more than 38% of the vote in German elections. (1932)

    A doodlebug train in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio collides with a multi-car freight train heading in the opposite direction, killing 43 people. (1940)

    John K. Giles attempts to escape from Alcatraz prison. (1945)

    At Idlewild Field in New York, New York International Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport) is dedicated. (1948)

    Ranger program: Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the moon, with images 1,000 times clearer than anything ever seen from earth-bound telescopes. (1964)

    Apollo program: Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover. (1971)

    Northeast Airlines flies its last flight before being integrated into Delta Air Lines the next day. (1972)

    A Delta Air Lines jetliner crashes while landing in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, Massachusetts killing 89. (1973)

    The “Son of Sam” killer claimed his last victims when he shot and killed Stacy Moskowitz, 20, and seriously wounded her date as they sat in a parked car in Brooklyn, N.Y. (David Berkowitz was arrested less than two weeks later. He is serving six sentences of 25 years to life.) (1977)

    President George H.W. Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty in Moscow. (1991)

    New York City police seized five bombs believed bound for terrorist attacks on subways. (1997)

    A bomb exploded inside a cafeteria at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, killing nine people. (2002)


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 1st of August over the years:

    Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile drive the Jews out of Spain. (1492)

    Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to visit Venezuela. (1498)

    First African slaves arrive in Jamestown, Virginia. (1619)

    The element oxygen is discovered for the third (and last) time. (1774)

    The first U.S. census was completed, showing a population of nearly 4 million people. (1790)

    A new London Bridge opens. (1831)

    Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state. (1876)

    The United States buys the rights to the Panama Canal from France. (1902)

    Germany declares war on Russia at the opening of World War I. The Swiss Army mobilises because of World War I (1914)

    The first Jeep is produced. (1941)

    Anne Frank makes the last entry in her diary. (1944)

    Warsaw Uprising against the Nazi occupation breaks out in Warsaw, Poland. (1944)

    The United States and Canada form the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) (1957)

    Charles Whitman kills 15 people at The University of Texas at Austin before being killed by the police. (1966)

    Purges of intellectuals and imperialists becomes official People’s Republic of China policy at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution. (1966)

    Israel annexes East Jerusalem. (1967)

    Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office. (2001)

    President George W. Bush used a recess appointment to install John Bolton as ambassador to the United Nations, bypassing the Senate after a testy standoff with Democrats. (2005)

    The I-35W Mississippi River Bridge spanning the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota, collapses during the evening rush hour. (2007)

    Start of the events leading to the 2008 K2 disaster. (2008)


    This Date in History (August 2)

    1921 – A jury in Chicago acquitted several former members of the Chicago White Sox and two others of conspiring to defraud the public by throwing the World Series.

    1923 – The 29th president of the United States, Warren G. Harding, died in San Francisco. Calvin Coolidge took the oath of office as President of the United States.

    1943 – PT-109, a Navy patrol torpedo boat commanded by Lt. John F. Kennedy, sank after being sheared in two by a Japanese destroyer off the Solomon Islands. Kennedy was credited with saving members of the crew.

    1945 – President Harry S. Truman, Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Clement Attlee concluded the Potsdam conference.

    2000 – Republicans nominated Texas Gov. George W. Bush for president and Dick Cheney for vice president at the party’s convention in Philadelphia.

    2007 – Mattel recalled nearly a million Chinese-made toys from its Fisher-Price division that were found to have excessive amounts of lead.


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 3rd of August over the years:

    Christopher Columbus sets sail from Palos de la Frontera, Spain. (1492)

    The Jews of Spain are expelled by the Catholic Monarchs. (1492)

    Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded. (1900)

    World War I: Germany declares war against France. (1914)

    Whittaker Chambers accuses Alger Hiss of being a communist and a spy for the Soviet Union. (1948)

    The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus travels beneath the Arctic ice cap. (1958)

    U.S. Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. (1972)

    United States Senate hearing on MKULTRA. (1977)

    U.S. air traffic controllers went on strike, despite a warning from President Ronald Reagan that they would be fired. (1981)

    The Iran-Contra congressional hearings ended with none of the 29 witnesses tying President Ronald Reagan directly to the diversion of arms-sales profits to Nicaraguan rebels. (1987)

    The Senate voted 96-3 to confirm Ruth Bader Ginsburg to the Supreme Court. (1993)

    Stephen G. Breyer was sworn in as a Supreme Court justice. (1994)

    The Real IRA detonate a car bomb in Ealing, London, U.K injuring seven people. (2001)

    The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11 attacks. (2004)


    This Date in History (August 4)

    1830 – Plans for the city of Chicago were laid out.

    1916 – The United States reached agreement with Denmark to purchase the Danish Virgin Islands for $25 million.

    2002 – A Palestinian suicide bomber blew up a bus in northern Israel during rush hour, killing nine passengers.

    2005 – A mini-submarine carrying seven Russians became caught on an underwater antenna 600 feet below the surface of the Pacific Ocean; the men were rescued three days later with help from a British vessel.


    This Date in History (August 5)

    1861 – The US federal government levied an income tax for the first time.


    This Date in History (August 6)

    1914 – Austria-Hungary declared war against Russia, and Serbia declared war against Germany at the outbreak of World War I.

    1945 – The United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, that instantly killed an estimated 66,000 people in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare.

    1997 – British Prime Minister Tony Blair shook hands with Sinn Fein president Gerry Adams in the first meeting in 76 years between a British leader and the IRA’s allies.

    2007 – The Crandall Canyon Mine in central Utah collapsed, trapping six coal miners. (All six miners died, along with three rescuers.)

    2008 – The government declared that Army scientist Bruce Ivins was solely responsible for the anthrax attacks that killed five and rattled the nation in 2001. (Ivins had committed suicide on July 29.)

    Dr. Pepper

    1974- Philippe Petit snuck into the World Trade Center with a 450 lb box of 3/4 inch cable and took it to the 104th floor in a cargo elevator.


    Here is a list of things which happened on the 7th of August over the years:

    George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart. (1782)

    The United States War Department is established. (1789)

    IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I). (1944)

    The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the “sheaves of wheat” design and is still in use. (1959)

    Race riots occur in Lansing, Michigan. (1966)

    California judge Harold Haley is taken hostage in his courtroom and killed during in an effort to free George Jackson from police custody. (1970)

    French stuntman Philippe Petit walked a tightrope strung between the twin towers of New York’s World Trade Center (1974)

    United States President Jimmy Carter declares a federal emergency at Love Canal. (1978)

    President George H.W. Bush ordered U.S. troops and warplanes to Saudi Arabia to guard the oil-rich desert kingdom against a possible invasion by Iraq. (1990)

    The United States Embassy bombing in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya killing approximately 212 people. (1998)

    Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore chose Connecticut Sen. Joseph Lieberman as his running mate, making him the first Jewish candidate on a major party ticket. (2000)

    Dr. Pepper

    1974- Philippe Petit, who snuck into the World Trade Center with a 450 lb box of 3/4 inch cable the night before and took it to the 104th floor in a cargo elevator, schlepped the box up six flights to the roof (a friend helped).

    In the early hours of the morning he strung the cable between the two towers.

    Shortly after 7:00 he walked out on the rope. For 45 minutes he walked back and forth 7 to 8 times, kneeled, bowed, danced and even lied down on the cable before surrendering to the Port Authority Police.

    All charges were later dropped and he was given a free pass to the observation deck of the WTC for life. (He last visited early September of 2001.)

    Philippe, who was 6 days shy of his 25th birthday spent 6 years planning and practicing for this stunt.

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