Judge: App User Not Entitled To Anonymity In Charlottesville Case


A social media platform can be compelled to divulge account information belonging to a woman who anonymously chatted online about plans for last summer’s deadly white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, a federal magistrate judge ruled Monday.

U.S. Magistrate Judge Joseph Spero’s 28-page order says the woman’s First Amendment rights to anonymous speech don’t outweigh the importance of disclosing her identity to plaintiffs’ attorneys suing over the rally’s violence. Leaked Discord messages indicate the woman, identified only as “Jane Doe” in court papers, likely was involved in planning the event last August, the magistrate said.

San Francisco-based Discord, an app that allows for text and voice chats, is popular with video game players. But the service also has been a communication tool for far-right extremists, including organizers of the Charlottesville rally.

The woman’s attorneys had asked the San Francisco-based magistrate to quash a subpoena for Discord to turn over her account information and content of her communications to the lawyers, who filed a federal suit in Virginia against organizers of the “Unite the Right” rally last August.

Hundreds of people traveled to Charlottesville to participate in the rally and protest the city’s plans to remove a statue of Robert E. Lee from a park that was named after the Confederate general.

Sunday is the anniversary of the deadly rally in Charlottesville, where white supremacists and counter-protesters clashed in the streets before a car plowed into a crowd, killing 32-year-old counter-protester Heather Heyer.

Spero said federal law prohibits Discord from releasing the content of a message without the sender or receiver’s consent. But he ruled the plaintiffs’ interest in her account information outweighs any impact on her First Amendment rights.

The magistrate noted that the woman’s personally identifying information can remain confidential, or “highly confidential” and therefore kept from plaintiffs’ lawyers.

The woman had asked the court to quash a subpoena for Discord to turn over subscriber information and communications belonging to at least 32 accounts. But the magistrate said the woman does not have legal standing to challenge the subpoena on behalf of other users.

Lawyers argued the subpoena is a “fishing expedition” designed to expose the identities and destroy the lives of people with “unpopular political views.”

“Doe has a constitutional right to associate with people who think as she does and to engage in controversial political speech anonymously, and the Plaintiffs have no right to acquire her correspondence or information,” her attorneys wrote.

But the plaintiffs’ attorneys say the Discord chat logs are “evidence at the heart of the case” against the Charlottesville rally’s organizers, who posted instructions for participants, including what weapons to bring.

Jane Doe is a self-described “political dissident” who used the handle “kristall.night” on Discord. Her alias appears to refer to the Nazis’ deadly, anti-Jewish Kristallnacht pogroms in Germany before World War II.

Leaked excerpts of the Charlottesville chat logs show Jane Doe was involved in planning that weekend’s events and shared the rally organizers’ “goals of violence and intimidation and their motivation of racial animus,” plaintiffs’ lawyers claim.

“She declared, ‘Without complicit whites, Jews wouldn’t be a problem,’ and ‘I hate miscegenation so much more after actually talking to mixed race people about their identity,'” they wrote.

Doe’s lawyers said her statements were “nothing more than generic advice to others interested in attending” the rally.

“Plaintiffs cannot violate Jane Doe’s constitutional rights simply because she holds personal viewpoints of which they disapprove,” they wrote.

The plaintiffs’ attorneys served Discord with the subpoena in January. Discord had deleted data sought by the subpoena but created backup tapes that likely included that data, according to the lawyers.

Doe’s lawyers said a 1958 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court held that a subpoena couldn’t be used to identify members of the NAACP because it would have a chilling effect on the First Amendment. They argue that the anonymous Discord users “may not have all the formalities of the NAACP” but are “no less an organization of like-minded individuals sharing their political beliefs and advocating for social change, no matter how noxious Plaintiffs may find this advocacy to be.”

Doe is represented by Marc Randazza, a Las Vegas-based attorney who specializes in First Amendment cases. Randazza’s clients also include neo-Nazi website publisher Andrew Anglin and Infowars radio host and conspiracy theorist Alex Jones.

Randazza said he was weighing his client’s options after the decision. The plaintiffs’ lawyer Karen Dunn said in a statement that the ruling “gets us one step closer to securing valuable evidence.”



  1. Kollelman- the right to free speech guarantees an individual the right to criticize the government or other powerful organizations without fear of being jailed or fined. It does NOT give an individual the right to spread hate speech, advocate violence, or lie. It also doesn’t protect you from the consequences of that speech with regards to your personal life (like getting fired from your job after posting hateful messages online)

  2. > Luna Lovegood

    “hate speech” is in the ear of the beholder – is hating ‘Zionist” hate-speech or is it “freedom fighting” “and soclal justice”? As a layperson the way I see this explained on TV is that the Supreme Court had ruled that just about everything short of “clear and immediate” danger (such as yelling fire in a crowded theater – and even then it was not a unanimous decision) is protected speech.

    And the Supreme Court had also ruled in the 1950’s that anonymity is also a right required to protect the freedom of speech.

  3. georgeg-

    In this specific case, the woman appears to have been inciting violence through her online posts and her plans for the rally. She loses her right to anonymity and her speech isn’t protected under the first amendment because she provoked violence. Had nothing dangerous happened at the rally it is unlikely a judge would require the app to disclose her information.