Rabbi Avi Shafran: How Jews Should Vote


editorial32.jpgYes, Varda, there is a Jewish way to vote – or at least a genuine Jewish perspective to bring to political races like the current one for the American presidency.

Some Jews would assert that “voting Jewish” consists only of analyzing the respective candidates’ positions or pronouncements on the Israel-Palestinian conflict, or any of a number of domestic social issues, or on Iran, Darfur or the environment.

Such analyses are certainly proper.  But there is a larger context in which to place them here, an overarching Jewish principle.

A June 6 New York Sun editorial rejected attempts to link Senator Obama with odious people he has known.  The editorialist noted that even American presidents who had espoused repugnant views before their elections, came afterward to act very differently from what their erstwhile views would have led anyone to expect.

Before he ascended to the presidency, for example, Harry Truman expressed deeply negative opinions about blacks, Asians, Italians and Jews; yet, once in office he greatly energized the cause of civil rights and confounded his State and Defense Departments by recognizing Israel within minutes of the Jewish State’s declaration of independence.  And – like Richard Nixon, another man with seemingly strong personal feelings of ill will toward Jews – he supported Israel with military supplies at a crucial juncture in the Jewish State’s history.

Thus, when it comes to world leadership, it seems, it is not unreasonable to expect the unexpected.   The Sun editorialized its explanation of the phenomenon: “…once a man accedes to the presidency, reality has a way of asserting itself.”

The Jewish take on the unpredictability of world leaders, however, lies less in reality’s self-assertion than in the upshot of a posuk in Mishlei: “Like streams of water is the heart of a king in the hand of Hashem” (21:1).

Our mesorah’s understanding of those words is that while all human beings are gifted with free will, there are times when Divine guidance – even Divine coercion – can play a decisive role in the actions of mortals, and in particular those of national leaders.

That is not, of course, necessarily to say that by virtue of their exalted positions such people are mere automatons, or that they are never responsible for choices they make.  “Merits are brought through the meritorious,” says the Gemara, “and iniquity through the iniquitous.”

What it is to say, though, is that some element of Divine intercession can sometimes be at play in a far-reaching royal – or Presidential – decision.

Thus, the Torah tells us, Hashem “hardened the heart” of Par’oh and, centuries later, acted through Achashverosh to grant Esther’s wishes and rescue ancient Persia’s Jews from Haman’s hand.  (The phrase “hamelech” in the Megillas Esther, we are informed, on one level actually means “the King,” the ultimate One).  There are, similarly, many more recent examples as well of national leaders acting in ways that would never have been predictable before their rise to power.  It is almost as if someone (or Someone) had reached into the leader’s heart and fiddled around with its contents.

When such Heavenly interventions take place, our mesorah teaches, they are the fruit of Jewish merits – or, sadly, the lack of the same.  What matters in the end is not the leaders’ pasts but rather the Jews’ presents – the current state of our dedication to Hashem and His will.

Which idea, of course, rather radically alters the attitude we should take, if not the calculus we should make, when we weight candidates for high office.  It doesn’t obviate either the need to assess their characters or positions, or the importance itself of voting – a duty that our Gedolim strongly stress.  Hashem’s intervention in human affairs does not absolve us humans from shouldering our ethical or civil responsibilities.

But from a truly Jewish perspective, the tipping point of how kings and presidents will in the end act regarding issues that matter most is the relationship of Klal Yisroel to the Creator.  Whoever happens to be elected is of considerably less import than the critical factor: our zechuyos, our spiritual merits.

So, yes, Varda, while there may not be a clear candidate for the Jewish vote in November, there is a clear perspective for Jewish voters to keep in mind:  What matter more than our choices in the voting booth are the ones we make in our homes and our lives.


[Rabbi Shafran is director of public affairs for Agudath Israel of America.]


  1. This may be true, but we don’t rely on miracles. Hashem works through nature so it’s still our responsibility to elect a candidate who will be best for us.

  2. devorahle – he said nothing about being soymech al nissim – fakert, he said that divine intervention does not absolve one from his duties. and no, hashem does not work through nature in terms of history – derech hatevah is just..teva, but in terms of world politics, hashem is in control.

  3. While this article is a case study in political correctness, I believe it has no place in the chareidi community. It simply misses the point! I urge all YWN readers to view a lecture by a Lebanese Christian that was given to the Heritage Foundation in 2006. You will see there very plainly what the threat of radical islam means to the non-islamic world. After viewing that lecture, can any frum Yid in all good conscience even consider voting for Obama? I think not!
    Go on this website: heritage.org. You won’t be sorry!

  4. Every Torah-Jew has the obligation to vote! We must show that our votes count and that we care about our country. Before we push the button/lever etc,as we make our choices,we should say a tefillo that we are choosing what Hashem wants us to choose and that it will be the best choice for k’lal Yisroel.Al tiftechu bin’divim….