Rav Chaim Kanievsky zatzal on 6 Brachos Questions

2
HaRav Chaim, z'tl. (Photo: Shuki Lehrer)

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

by Rabbi Yair Hoffman for 5tjt.com

The loss of Rav Chaim Kanievsky zatzal is still felt by many – both in Eretz Yisroel as well as in the United States.  Below are six questions and answers in Hilchos Brachos that can help mitigate the feeling of loss.

  1. Generally speaking the ruling of the Mishna Brurah is that if one is not drinking water for pleasure or thirst then one does not recite a bracha. What if one is drinking cold water on a hot day or hot water on a cold day?
    1. The custom is to recite a bracha.
  2. The Mishna Brurah in 206:18 writes that one should not stab an item with a knife and then recite a bracha on the food. Does the same hold true with a fork, as is indicative in the Kaf HaChaim?
    1. It was only said in regard to a knife.

**There is a very special Kallah that needs assistance, if anyone can help.**

https://thechesedfund.com/zechornilah/kallahwithnoresources

3. It is said in the name of the Chazon Ish that one who drinks water should only recite a bracha acharona if he drank a revi’is within the time period that one normally drinks a revi’is, but regarding other liquids, a bracha acharona is recited when one has consumed it in the time of of achilas pras and recite the bracha in accordance with the view of the Vilna Gaon. Why the distinction?

4. Water is more lenient regarding borei nefashos (it is a reshus) as indicated in the Gemorah. According to this aforementioned Chazon Ish, what is the halacha with coffee, tea or some other concentrate added to water? Are they considered like water or like other drinks?

5. Is it permitted to teach a two or three year old child to make a bracha – word by word along with him, or is there a concern for bracha levatala since, technically, he is below the age of instruction which is about six according to the Mishna Brurah 70:6?

        1. It is permitted.
  1. 6. May one answer Amain to the bracha of a child below the age of instruction? The Mishna Brurah 215 cites the Pri Magadim not to do recite such an Amain.
    1. You can do so in order to train him to answer Amain. [This author understands Rav Chaim zt”l as not actually arguing with the Mishna Brurah, but rather as distinguishing between the Chofetz Chaim’s times and modern times in that back then it was not the norm to train children who were younger to “know to whom one davens to.” Now that they do attempt such instruction, it is clear that there would be a chinuch in answering Amain as well which very likely could be at an earlier age than for actually reciting brachos.]

See Bracha Brurah p. 644

to read more of Rav Chaim’s Torah zatzal go to orchotyosher.org

**There is a very special Kallah that needs assistance, if anyone can help.**

https://thechesedfund.com/zechornilah/kallahwithnoresources

The author can be reached at [email protected]

2 COMMENTS

  1. 3. It is said in the name of the Chazon Ish that one who drinks water should only recite a bracha acharona if he drank a revi’is within the time period that one normally drinks a revi’is, but regarding other liquids, a bracha acharona is recited when one has consumed it in the time of of achilas pras and recite the bracha in accordance with the view of the Vilna Gaon. Why the distinction?

    Water does not have intrinsic importance (and a brocha rishona is only made if the drinking is for thirst), therefore the brocha achrona is made only if the drinking is within a short period, while other drinks have value as a food (as demonstrated by the brocha rishona, that even if one isn’t thirsty, it is made), therefore it follows the rules of food for a brocha achrona.

    4. Water is more lenient regarding borei nefashos (it is a reshus) as indicated in the Gemorah. According to this aforementioned Chazon Ish, what is the halacha with coffee, tea or some other concentrate added to water? Are they considered like water or like other drinks?

    Coffee, tea and similar drinks become choshuv, to the extent that R Moshe allowed making havdalah on them (when other choices are unavailable), demonstrating that these drinks are no longer merely “water with added flavor”, but a chamar medina.