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July 23, 2021 6:41 am at 6:41 am in reply to: Are you allowed to give Tzeddakah/charity to Non-Jews #1994076
I can help you out with that first pasuk you’re struggling with there. Rambam also quotes it in Hilchos Avodim 9:8..
“Cruelty and arrogance are only found with idol worshippers, but the descendants of Avraham Avinu who Hashem granted upon them the goodness of the Torah and commanded them with the laws and statutes, they are righteous and merciful on all. Similarly, with regards to the attributes of Hashem that we are commanded to emulate, it is written “His mercies be upon all his works.”
Pretty clear that Rambam views this ‘being merciful to everyone’ business as a pretty big deal…wouldn’t you say?
I can’t see any indication in the Rambam that the first pasuk is referring to the first part of the halacha, and the second to the last (Rambam could easily have structured it like that). The simple reading seems to be that both pesukim are pertinent to the whole halacha.
Have you ever “learned up” a rambam before?July 21, 2021 8:01 pm at 8:01 pm in reply to: Are you allowed to give Tzeddakah/charity to Non-Jews #1993623
Rambam quotes two pesukim by the mitzva of providing tzedaka to non-Jews:
הֲרֵי נֶאֱמַר (תהילים קמה, ט) “טוֹב יי לַכּל וְרַחֲמָיו עַל כָּל מַעֲשָׂיו”. וְנֶאֱמַר (משלי ג, יז) “דְּרָכֶיהָ דַרְכֵי נֹעַם וְכָל נְתִיבוֹתֶיהָ שָׁלוֹם
Pretty clear that there is a much deeper and fundamental aspect to “darkhei shalom” than just ‘keeping the non-Jew’s happy…more like emulating God and extending mercy to all his creations, as per the pesukim.
As for the Meiri, various poskim pasken like him or present a similar position such as Rav Yaakov Emden, Tzitz Eliezer, Rav Henkin, Rav Kook, Rav Ahron Soloveitchik and Rav Dovid Zvi Hoffman.
If you don’t respect a godol hador because they are a “Zionist”, you have bigger problems than whether to give tzedaka to non-Jews.July 18, 2021 12:11 pm at 12:11 pm in reply to: Are you allowed to give Tzeddakah/charity to Non-Jews #1992533
Rambam, Mishneh Torah, Kings and Wars 10:12
“And even for non-Jews – our sages commanded us to visit the sick and to bury their dead with the dead of the Jews and to give sustenance to their needy among the needy of the Jews – because of promoting peaceful ways. Behold there is the verse – “Hashem is good with all and he is merciful upon all of his works” (Tehilim / Psalms 145, 9) and it is said “And its ways are ways of pleasantness and all its paths are peace.” (Mishle – Proverbs 3, 17)”
Shulchan Arukh, Yoreh De’ah 151:12
“It is permitted to support their [non-Jewish] poor, and visit their sick, and bury their dead, and eulogise and comfort their mourners, because of the ways of peace.”
Shevet MiYehuda 3:70
“Lately it has become customary, to our great detriment, amongst our teachers to state that there is no real obligation towards bettering the life of non-Jews…and there is no need to encourage the community to support non-Jews with tzedakah and kindness, for any such acts are only done for the sake of darchei shalom [ways of peace] and thus have no real source in the Torah law. Therefore we must define the true concept of darchei shalom. It is not just a means to keep Judaism safe from non-Jewish hatred, but flows from the core ethical teachings of the Torah.”July 18, 2021 10:42 am at 10:42 am in reply to: Are you allowed to give Tzeddakah/charity to Non-Jews #1992606
You are confusing the concept of ‘mipnei aviva’ – ‘to prevent hatred’ and ‘mishum darkhei shalom’ – ‘to promote peace’. Two separate concepts in Rambam, the latter applies to providing charity to non-Jews and is NOT bedieved.
You are also clearly unaware of the Meiri who paskens that you have a 100% chiyuv to return a lost object to a non-Jew nowadays.