Rabbi Pinchos Lipschutz: Pinchos Is Eliyohu


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yated_logo4.jpgAt the conclusion of Parshas Balak, we learn that following the episode with Balak and Bilaam, the Bnei Yisroel began to sin with the daughters of Moav. A nesi bais av committed his sinful act with a daughter of the leader of Midyan before Moshe and all of the Bnei Yisroel.

The entire nation stood around weeping, at a complete loss. Hashem was about to send a plague as punishment for the crime when Pinchos arose from the crowd.

He was the sole individual who was not confounded by the unprecedented outrage – the only one who remembered the halacha and knew what had to be done. Even as cynics mocked him and he himself was unsure of the outcome his act would produce, Pinchos ignored the scoffers and sprang forward, plunging a spear into the bodies of Zimri and his partner.

He thus stopped the already devastating plague and brought a swift end to yet another inglorious chapter in our people’s history.

Parshas Pinchos opens with Hashem telling Moshe Rabbeinu, “Pinchos the son of Elozor the son of Aharon the Kohein turned back G-d’s wrath from the Bnei Yisroel with his act of kana’us, and He did not destroy the Bnei Yisroel in His anger. Therefore, say [the following]: Hashem is bestowing upon Pinchos his covenant of peace. He and his children who follow him shall be privileged with the covenant of kehunah forever.”

By following the dictates he had been taught by Moshe Rabbeinu and intervening in a machlokes, Pinchos merited the blessing of eternal peace. The man of peace is not necessarily the one who sits back passively and does nothing. The one who sits on the sidelines weeping as evil rears its ugly head and seems to triumph is not promoting peace; he is encouraging evil.

Pinchos is deemed worthy to bear the torch of kehunah and carry on the tradition of Aharon Hakohein, to be an oheiv shalom verodef shalom, because he put his own ambitions aside and rose to the challenge. Pinchos was given the eternal blessing of peace because he made peace possible in Yisroel by exterminating evil.

Pinchos halted the plague which had already killed 24,000 Jews because he had the moral courage and clarity to act when others were confounded and immobilized.

He didn’t let popular opinion deter him from slaying those who brazenly defied the Torah’s authority. He knew that an oheiv shalom verodef shalom sometimes has to act courageously, even if his actions invite misunderstanding and recrimination.

Pinchos knew that the cause of peace is advanced through fidelity to halacha. Shalom is achieved by pursuing shleimus, even if that involves sacrificing sacred cows and jeopardizing a career.

Shalom is rooted in shleimus; when everything is proper, when everything is complete and whole, then it is possible to also have shalom. If you are lacking in shleimus, if the state is not absolutely intact, then you cannot have shalom. Torah is the absolute truth. With it the world was created, and it serves as the ultimate yardstick in defining our behavior. If we stay true to it, then we will consequently be blessed with peace.

Pinchos passed this test and he was therefore singled out as being worthy of following in the footsteps of Aharon Hakohein, who exemplified the pursuit of shalom through the service of G-d.

With all of the countless misfortunes besieging our people as yechidim and as a klal, it seems at times as if we are living through a period of mageifah.

Perhaps what we need are more people like Pinchos in order to stop the plague in its tracks. We need people whose loyalty to Torah compels them to arise from the mourners who sit weeping and demonstrate by action what needs to be done.

There are no prophets among us and no one can say why specific tragedies befall us. But we are all aware of evils being perpetrated which nobody fights. We all know that most things are not b’shleimus in our world. We are all aware of people who suffer and urgently need someone to rush to their aid. Apathy and often fear prevent us from carrying out these missions of mercy and justice.

Despotic rulers count on the passivity and fear of the masses. Despots are experts in playing the game of brinkmanship and taking advantage of people’s reluctance to rise up against injustice, even in self-defense.

In our daily lives, we also confront people who abuse their position or our own good natures, to serve their own selfish, destructive ends. We must have the fortitude to stand up to them in the tradition of Pinchos. We must speak up when confronted with injustice.

We have to seek to achieve perfection in our personal lives and slay the demons which lurk inside our camp and in each one of us.

An eis tzorah is a clarion call to us to do teshuva and help return the world to a condition of shleimus. Tragedy calls out to people of inner greatness to conquer the urge to remain passive. Instead, they take action, to return our world and our people to shleimus through Torah. The only way to merit peace and tranquility is by following the path of shalom and shleimus as defined in the Torah.

Pinchos lives on as Eliyohu Mevaser Tov, who will announce to us the arrival of Moshiach when enough of us follow in his path. That path was forged for him by his rebbi, Moshe Rabbeinu. In every generation, there are individuals who carry a nitzutz, a spark, of the neshama of Moshe Rabbeinu, who continue to light up that path. Let us seek them out, learn Torah at their feet, so that we may all merit to hear the call that the geulah sheleimah has arrived.

Every act we take to bring perfection to the world will bring us that much closer to the day when Eliyohu will announce that the golus has finally ended. May it come to pass speedily in our days.

© 2007 Yated Neeman.


  1. “Pinchos Ze Eliyohu” helps answer a question that has bothered me for a long time: If “TEIKU”, the typical Gemara expression at the conclusion of an unresolved Machlokes, is Roshei Teivos for “(Eliyohu HaNovi) Tishbi Yetoretz Kushyos VeIboyos” isn’t this a contrdiction with “Lo BaShomayim He”, that Nevuah cannot be used to determine Halachah.
    In response, we can say: “Pinchos Ze Eliyohu” confers upon Eliyahu the unique characteristic of being the only human living on this earth continuously from Kabolas HaTorah through Yemos HaMoshiach. His being a contemporary of all of Klal Yisroel makes him the ideal Posek to resolve all Machlokesin in SHAS through Halachic resoning.
    Thus Pinchos/Eliyahu will have at least three major roles in the Geulah Shleimah BB”A: the Mevaser Tov (that Mashiach has arrived), the maker of Sholom (“VeHeishiv Leiv Avos…”), and the Posek HaDor (“TEIKU”)!

  2. What’s interesting is that although Eliyahou is Pinchus,he was punished for his kanois while Pinchus was rewarded.what’s the difference?

  3. Adar2: Poshut. Eliyohu in his kano’us (which was due to a tremendous Ahavas Yisroel) criticised klal yisroel. Pinchas protected them

  4. My understanding is that Zimri thought that he was helping klall yisroel by allowing the women of Moab into the camp this would prevent them from schlepping our boys to avoda zora, the more serious sin.
    Pinchos showed that you can’t change the Torah-the ends don’t justify the means-hence kanoi’us.Eliyohu was mekane against stam sinners and therefore kanoi’us was misplaced. Kanoi’us is only when zeyuf hatorah is the problem.

  5. I’m not aware that Eliyahu Hanavi was punished. I learned that since Eliyahu expressed his comments as an outgrowth of his own personal deveikus to Hashem Yisborach, Hashem told him that he was no longer capable of leading gashmiusdiger people. So Hashem took him away from that, and told him to give the leadership to Elisha.

    I could look up thesource for that, if need be.