The Parsha of Mahn on Tuesdays of BeShalach

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tehill[By Rabbi Yair Hoffman]

If someone were keeping tabs on these things, it is perhaps the Parnassah Segulah that has gone most viral of all other Segulos. Numerous Torah internet sites link to the parsha of the Mahn and explain that one will become wealthier if we recite this section (Shmos 16:4 until the Omer is one tenth of an Aifah) on Tuesday of Parshas B’Shalach. It must be said twice in the Hebrew and once in the Targum. But where does this Segulah come from? Is there truly anything to it? Is it of recent origin or does it date back for many centuries?

What is fascinating is that what is of recent origin is the Tuesday of Parshas b’Shalach aspect of it. The earlier sources recommended reciting it daily, and not just one day out of the year. Rabbeinu Bachya (Shmos 16:16) writes, “it is a tradition in the hand of the sages that whoever recites the parsha of the Mahn each day is assured that he will not lose out in this world of his mezonos.”

ORIGINS

The Tashbatz (Siman 184) actually cites the daily reading of it and its effect in the name of the Yerushalmi, and add the words, “And I am the guarantor.” The Tur (in OC Siman 1:5) also cites this tradition in the name of the Yerushalmi in Brachos. The Mishna Brurah (1:13) also cites this source. The problem is that it is not to be found in our version or any manuscript of the Yerushalmi.

To add to the mystery, the Sefer HaManhig in hilchos Shabbos (44) cites the source as a Yerushalmi in Yuma. Yet it is not in our Yerushalmi Yuma either.

The traditional answer that is often given when Rishonim refer to Yerushalmis that have disappeared is that the term is used loosely by the Rishon and that Yerushalmi often included Midrashim that were edited in Eretz Yisroel. This won’t work here, because the Tur specifically refers to the Yerushalmi in Brachos. It must be then that the version of the Yerushalmi that the Tur had is lost.

WHY THE MAHN?

Why single out the miracle of the Mahn, more so than the other miracles we experienced? Rav Sadya Gaon in the introduction to his Emunos v’Deyos explains that the Mahn was a miracle that was of a daily occurrence. The other miracles were more transient.

Although not mentioned by Rav Sadya, even after the forty year sojourn in the desert, the Mahn played an important role. The container of the Mahn (Tzintzenes HaMahn)was placed alongside the Aron in both the Mishkan and the Beis HaMikdash until the days of Yoshiahu the King, one hundred years before the destruction of the First Beis HaMikdash. It served as a reminder then too.

NOT FOUND IN SIDDURIM

The Aruch haShulchan points out that in his time, the Parshas HaMan was not found in the siddurim, if it ever was. He explains its absence in the siddur as stemming from the fact that the Parsha mentions a number of times the embarrassing detail that Klal Yisroel nagged and complained, and it would be improper to permanently place that in our Siddurim. Nowadays, many of the siddurim have printed it, notwithstanding the Aruch haShulchan’s ethos on the issue.

HOW IT WORKS

How does it work? Many of the meforshim explain that it serves to entrench within our minds that our prnassah, our sustenance – comes only from Hashem. It seems that the daily recital of the parsha of Mahn helps us eradicate within our minds and thoughts. The Mishna Brurah writes that it is not enough to merely say it. It’s message must be fully imbibed within us.

Others write that the principle behind how it works lies in the fact that reciting it will build up our Bitachon in Hashem (Minchas Asher, for example). While some would explain that these are both two sides of the same coin, it seems to this author that they are in fact two separable concepts.

There seems to be a third method, taking a less mystical approach. The reading of the Parsha serves to calm a person’s anxieties about struggling for Parnasah, and thus helps him focus better through the understanding that all is from Hashem. This seems to be the understanding of the Tzemach Tzeddek (Parshas HaMan, Shin 5644 referenced in index page 100).

The Shaivet Mussar (Chapter 40) cites in the name of the Mekuballim that it should be recited, as mentioned earlier, shnayim mikra v’echad Targum – twice in the Hebrew and once in the Aramaic of Unkelus. The Noheg Tzon Yoseph (Siman 34), however, quotes the Shnayim Mikrah detail as having been first written by Rabbeinu Tam in his Sefer HaYashar. The Shla’s father in his Yesh Nochlin also writes this. From the Shla’s father, however, this is merely the ideal method to do so. From the Noheg Tzon Yoseph it seems that it will not be effective at all if not done shnayim Mikrah Echad Targum.

THE VARIANT BLESSING

What is also interesting is, thus far, our sources indicate that a person will simply not lose out or suffer a loss of Mezonos. In the Midrash Talpios (section on Havdallah) , however, it writes that the entire Parshas HaMahn is mesugal for success and wealth. The nature of the blessing is ratcheted up a bit.

WHEN SHOULD IT BE SAID?

Both the Be’er Heitev and the Mishna Brurah indicate that it should be recited in the morning before the Korbanos are recited before Shacharis. The Otzros Chaim, however, cites the Rekanti in the name of the Zohar that it should be said after Shacharis, athough he does not actually source it. The most likely reference, however, is to the Zohar in Parshas Pinchas (226) dparnasa lo chazi l’mishal elah basar tzlusah – that requesting for one’s parnassah is only viable after praying. Since the rulings of the standard halachic Poskim generally outweigh the rulings of the mekuballim, it would seem that it would be preferable to follow the Mishna Brurah, but, as always, each person should consult his own Rav or Posaik, of course.

OTHER MINHAGIM

The Mishmeres Shalom (14:2), a Sefer written in Yiddish, states that Rav Pinchas Mikoritz cited the minhag and also added that one should further say the thirteen ikkarim of the Rambam each morning too.

THE TUESDAY OF BESHALACH MINHAG

So when exactly did the newer custom of reciting it on one particular Tuesday in the year arise? And who was it that promulgated the new twist on the Minhag? Some trace it to Rav Menachem Mendel of Riminov (1745-1815), one of the five main disciples of the Rebbe Elimelech of Lisensk. Others trace it to Rav Shalom of Stropkov (1855-1940) (See Yisroel V’Hazmanim, Rav Dovid Rossov p. 291). It is clear, however, that Rav Shalom was quoting the Riminover and did not make it up himself. The original Sfer of the Riminover is not easily accessible as only the first volume is readily extant.

IF ONE’S MINHAG IS NOT TO SAY IT

Most people, of course, do not have the minhag to say it on this day, and some remain firm in this Minhag. Rav Ovadiah also writes that this is not their minhag. There is a fascinating Rabbeinu Yonah in his Shaarei Teshuva (3:17) where he writes that it is a Torah Mitzvah to remember the falling of the Mahn. That being the case, it doesn’t hurt to recite it if it will help us focus on this Mitzvah.

A CAVEAT FOR EVERYONE

Rav Shmuel Hominer in his Chumash Eved HaMelech (Shmos page 42) brings out a fascinating and yet obvious point. When reciting the Parshas HaMahn one should take care NOT TO RECITE IT AS A SEGULAH. Why? So that he will not be serving Hashem al menas lekabel pras – on condition of receiving reward. Let’s not forget the yesodos of Yiddishkeit,the fundamentals of our serving Hashem – as found in Pirkei Avos.

The author can be reached at [email protected]

ARTICLE PUBLISHED BY 5TJT

10 COMMENTS

  1. I discussed this with a friend whose father came from Riminov, and was also a descendant of Reb Mendel of Rimonov – and a talmid chochom in his own right. He said that in Riminov, no one ever heard of this “segulah”. It is widely known that Reb mendel Riminover was quite prolific in speaking about Parshas Hamahn, and there are many pages of his seforim dedicated to his maamorei chasidus on the subject. But the “minhag” is a recent development.

    I also heard from an elderly talmid chochom that he recalls from the 1940’s that someone originated the idea of Tuesday Beshalach, and added the “shnayim mikroh ve’echod targum” for icing on the cake.

    I’m not sure that I can convince anyone else about this, as these sources are known to me, and I personally consider them extremely reliable. As a result, I have concluded that following a “minhag” that was fabricated by someone today who is otherwise not a baal ruach hakodesh or a Gadol Beyisroel is contraindicated. AS The post above states clearly, if it is said as a “segulah”, it also loses its value as it is “al menas lekabel pras”.

  2. The main thing is that Hashem provides for all. Just as in the midbar when they had no idea if they would have what to eat the next day.
    This is the simple and plain explanation.

  3. A segulah is nice if it has no downside. This can not be said of many other segullos. This one seems innocuous at worst. But I have a better segulah. Stop stealing!!. Davening to Hashem to assist you in your parnassah, when your parnassah consists of ripping someone else off is not going to work. In fact, its downright chutzpadik to ask hashem to be your co-conspirator.

  4. in addition… Siman 34 – in Dinei Hanhagas Col Hayom.

    “The little I know” – “added the “shnayim mikroh ve’echod targum” for icing on the cake. ”

    As Rabbi Hoffman pointed out from the sefer Noheg KaTzon Yosef, beshaim Sefer HaYashar d’Rabbenu Tam that it is said SMVAT… not icing on the cake.

  5. The seguloh about saying it daily is brought down in many seforim, and the source seems to be the Sefer Hayashar of Rabbenu Tam. This references the shnayim mikro ve’echod targum. The choice of only Tuesday of Beshalach is a contrived “minhag”. The customary practice of saying it daily is not with shnayim mikro. Thus the modern development of the “minhag” is quite creative. I have many minhagim myself, but each and every one has a source. To create new routines is not proper, and creates obsessions in which these trivia are given undue status in our lives. Some therapy just might be in order.

  6. you all miss the point, parshas Hamon should be said with everyone else in Klal Yisroel in mind, not ourselves– so many are so much worse off then us– those of us who have the time in the morning to recite it with true kavanah, and it takes a while, are saying it for the rest of us not as fortunate– and m’mayla Hashem will take care of us as well.