Report: Federal Virus Aid Shortchanged NYC, Other Epicenters

FILE - In this June 15, 2020, file photo, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo removes a mask as he holds a news conference in Tarrytown, N.Y. New York’s coronavirus death toll in nursing homes, already among the highest in the nation, could actually be a significant undercount. Unlike every other state with major outbreaks, New York only counts residents who died on nursing home property and not those who died in hospitals. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File)

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New York City would have received hundreds of millions more in emergency virus aid if Congress had distributed funding based on need instead of population, the state’s chief fiscal officer said.

New York City and dozens of communities in states including Florida would have received nearly $4 billion more if Congress targeted $27.6 billion in local aid to epicenters of the pandemic, according to Comptroller Thomas DiNapoli’s report being released Wednesday. The report looks at communities that had the highest share of confirmed COVID-19 cases by late August.

The report comes as New York officials keep pushing for another round of pandemic aid despite congressional gridlock.

“The way the formula was set up did not maximize what kind of help we could have gotten from Washington, given how hard-hit we were in the state,” DiNapoli said in an interview Monday.

His report is in line with an AP analysis finding some states with small populations took an outsize share of federal COVID-19 funds.

Congress’ $150 billion relief fund for state and local governments sent $1.4 billion to New York City alone and $5.1 billion to New York state government.

Under federal guidelines, local governments can use the funds for new COVID-19 costs from March 1 through Dec. 30.

DiNapoli said New York City and Long Island are among a few local governments that used over 50% of their share of aid through June. Long Island directed most funds on salaries for public health and safety employees, while New York City also used funds on protective gear, supplies, testing and treatment.

New York state spent $2.2 billion on COVID-19 expenses through June and expects to spend the rest of its share by Dec. 31, according to the state’s financial plan.

The money can’t be used for other purposes, like making up for lost tax revenue. Cuomo wants Congress to pass unrestricted aid.

In April, Cuomo said President Donald Trump agreed during their White House meeting to “work very hard” to include extra state funding in the next round of aid.

But months later, it’s unclear how much, if any, extra federal aid New York will receive to fill an $8 billion to $10 billion budget hole through March alone. Cuomo demands tens of billions in additional funding for the state’s transit systems and budget shortfalls in years to come.

“I’m still going to be an optimist that we’ll get something,” DiNapoli said.

Cuomo said no extra federal aid means the state will have to trim local aid to schools, hospitals and local governments by 20%.

Cuomo’s administration estimates the state will receive $14 billion less in tax revenues than expected through March. The state’s spending is already down by over $4 billion through June due to delayed and withheld payments to local governments.

Some schools in the Capital Region are already laying off teachers as the state withholds aid, and critics warn spending reductions will hit low-income communities hardest.



  1. The headline says NY was “shortchanged”. The article doesn’t back that up. It merely says that had Congress chosen a different formula for distributing the money NY would have got more. Of course that’s true — that’s always true! You can always find a formula that will give you more of the pie and someone else less. But that doesn’t explain why Congress should have chosen your preferred formula rather than the one it did.