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We should be careful not the speak about bad things, giving an opening to the satan by reminding him about bad things. If we do, we should use the expressions לא עלינו. not on us, חס ושלום, חס וחלילה, have mercy on us, רחמנא לצלן, Hashem protect us. There is a hungarian saying, don’t paint the devil on the wall.
We have to be careful not to speak on the dead badly. They might have been punished already. Also, they are not here to defend themselves. Lashan hara applies infront of the person, if there is somone else there as you are ashaming him.
We find the story of the snake like round oven in Bava Metzia (59,2) where therr was a ruling, לא בשמים היא the Torah is not in heaven. The Deroshos Haran 7, explains that once the Torah was given down to earth, we must understand it with human understanding. Even though Rebbi Eliezer was mechaven to the truth, if the majority could not understand it, they could not follow it. Tosfas there asks the question, so why rely on the bas kol to pasken like Beis Hilel. Tosfas answers that there the bas kol agreed with their human understanding. The Beis Shamai were sharper, greater in quality and the Beis Hilel was greater in quantity, by the number of people, so the Torah is telling us that more people’s views brings to a better understanding.
See the Chinuch 496 where Hashem said that they have won Me over. They are willing to set aside the truth to protect the Torah by following the majority for the greater good.
Shiva should be sat in the house where the niftar lived as he comes back to the place where he lived.
Every custom there indicates that we must rely on others and we are not an island.
The sudas havroah being provided with food is an example of this idea. The shiva call and davening in the
house of the niftar is anoth example. We cover the mirror to realize that we need others and not to see only
The idea of לועג לרש teaches us great mussar. Don’t hurt a poor person by telling him how well you are doing or for someone being out of job, don’t tell him how good your job is. When in cemetery, you must hide your tzitzis SA O’CH 23,1. Be careful what you say to people with a handicap. Don’t hurt people by speaking about things that they are missing. Don’t make fun of them because of their deficiencies.January 21, 2020 5:02 pm at 5:02 pm in reply to: Why does Biden get a pass Or ”the donkey in the room ” #1824930
I didn’t say I will vote for Biden, but If he is innocent, we should acknowledge that.
The Binah Leitim interprets Tehilim (118.,17) לא אמות כי אחיה, I should not die but live as, when I live, I should not be dead. Sometimes we forget the reason for living and act like we are dead.
A person lives on when his children follow his ways. Yaakov Avinu because he left children behind who followed he ways did not die. It says in Tehilim (115,17) לא המתים יהללו י-ה ולא כל ירדי דומה The dead cannot praisHashem nor those who descend into silence. It is followed by ואנחנו נברך י-ה but we prase Hashem, why
I think that through our praise of Hashem, the dead continue to praise Him.January 21, 2020 2:53 pm at 2:53 pm in reply to: Why does Biden get a pass Or ”the donkey in the room ” #1824799
klugeeyid, Biden followed other allies of the US who wanted this Ukrainian prosecutor gone because of corruptiion and it was not because of Biden’s son because he did not prosecute Burisma and his son, so for that there was no reason to get rid of him.
There are three viiews when it comes to night. The Yereim, Rav Eliezer Mimetz, who holds that night coincides with the shkia and ben hashmoshos is 3/4 mil (18 minl) 12 1/2 min before it. Erev shabbos we follow this most stringent view with the most lenient view that a mil is 24 min. The geonim’s view there is a shkia and 12 1/2 min after it is tzeis hakochovim or night. Those who follow this are Rav Moshe Alashkar also known as Gaon Yaakov and the GRA. Finally Tosfas Pesochim (94,1) with the beginning words Rebbi Yehuda telling us the Rabbenu Taam’s view having two shkias. After the first shkia 58 1/2 min ben hashmoshos starts for 12 1/2 min and then another shkia occurs in conjuction with tzeis hakochovim. The follower of this view is the Mechaber SA O’CH 261,2 and the Minchas Kohen. Many follow the GRA and as many follow the Rabbenu Taam. The Baal Hatanye is interesting. In his Shulchan Aruch Harav he paskens like the Raabenu Taam whereas in his siddur, written later, he paskens like the GRA.
The difference Menochas (34,2) Tosfas beginning Hakora Kora, between Rashi and Rabbenu Taam’s tefilin is the placement of the parshiyos. The writing is in order. Rashi’s view קדש, והיה כי יביאך, שמע, והיה אם שמע whereas according to the Rabbenu Taam, the last two are reversed הויות באמצע , shma at the end. The Aruch Hashulchan above says that both are true Rashi’s for this world and the Rabbenu Taam Taam’s for next world. They found a pair of tefilin in the kever of Chazkiah like Rashi, so the Darishe said maybe they hid it there because it was pasul.January 21, 2020 1:20 am at 1:20 am in reply to: Why does Biden get a pass Or ”the donkey in the room ” #1824675
klugeryid, I would not have pointed out to you, if it wasn’t worthwhile. You are insulting me by not reading it that I am so naive to believe everything.January 20, 2020 11:49 pm at 11:49 pm in reply to: Why does Biden get a pass Or ”the donkey in the room ” #1824664
klugeryid, GH says the same thing. Why are you asking the question, if you don’t want to accept the answer from anyone?January 20, 2020 11:49 pm at 11:49 pm in reply to: Why does Biden get a pass Or ”the donkey in the room ” #1824624
klugeryid, I am sending you to the article that answers your question. The moderators don’t accept the artucle or a web link.
Above should be, he has heaven in mind.
When we do some chumra openly that others don’t do is considered יוהרא a sign of haughtiness, gaiva.
Putting on Rabbenu Tam’s tefilin, says the Aruch Hashulchan O’CH 34 after a long discussion that since many people currently put it on, it is not consirered yuhara. Similarly following the Rabbenu Taam waiting for 72 minutes, 4 mil after shkia on motzei shabbos as paskened by the Mechaber O’CH 261 is not yuhara.January 20, 2020 10:44 pm at 10:44 pm in reply to: Why does Biden get a pass Or ”the donkey in the room ” #1824610
klugeryid. did you read the article which answers your question?
According to the Ohr Hachaim Hakadash in Paraahas Breishis any one is free to explain simething in the Torah as long it doesn’t affect halacha, so this certainly comes from gedolim and it doesn’t have to be muchruch.
What about a thread mill?
The mishna at the end of Maseches Menochos אחד המרבה ואחד הממעיט בלבד שיכוין לבו לשמים whether one adds or diminishes as long as יe has the heaven in mind. Rav Ovadya Yosef in Yabia Omer YD (10,29), take the word אך which diminishes is followed by letters לב, take the word גם which adds, the letters preceding it are also לב indicating that in either case we come together at לב, רחמנא לבא בעי doing it for the right reason
לראש -לעשות רצון אבינו שבשמים.
We all want to do the will of Hashem and what holds us back is the yeast in the dough. The Klei Yokor explains that the yeast makes the dough rise, it is a symbol of gaiva and that brings to sin, so we don’t eat chametz on Pesach. The Radvaz and the Abarbanel say that Chametz resembles the yetzer hara, if a dough is left idle without working on it, becomes chametz. Similarly, if a person is idle from Torah, the yetzer hara will rule over him.
There is an argument between the Rambam and the Ravad Hilchas Teshuva (8,2) what is olam habo. The Rambam holds that the olam habo is after death and the Ravad holds it’s after Techias Hamesim I heard an interesting idea at the time olam habo, we will wear our crown and enjoy the light of the shechina. What is the crown for? It will have precious stones and act like a prism to reflect the light so we could look into it.
As mentioned on the other thread about USA Today article October 3,. 2019 google or go to the USA Today website titled Explainer – Biden, allies pushed out Ukrainian prosecutor because he didn’t pursue corruption cases.January 20, 2020 5:20 pm at 5:20 pm in reply to: Why does Biden get a pass Or ”the donkey in the room ” #1824520
Search on the USA Today website on the full title, Explainer – Biden, allies pushed out Ukrainian prosecutor because he didn’t pursue corruption cases.
I will talk about לשמה learning Torah for its own sake. The gemora says in Shabbos (63,1) Tehilim 45,5
צלח רכב. יכול אפילו שלא לשמה – תלמוד לומר על דבר אמת you succeed if you ride (go) after the truth. Says the gemora one should learn maybe even not lishma? No follow the truth. This teaches us that lishma means learning to arrive to the truth. We find Pesochim (22.2) Shimon Hamosini was interpreting all esin (additions) in the Torah when he arrived to the pasuk to fear G-d, he did not know whom to add to it. So he wanted to abandon his whole lives work as he thought his whole interpretation was incorrect. He said I will get the same reward of not doing this interpretation as doing it. Rebbi Akiva included the fear of talmidei chachomim. How come Shimon Hamosini did not think of it? For him this was obvious as the chachomim get their knowledge from Hashem. So if Hashem felt that they were worthy of it, they deserve to be feared and respected, but Rebbi Akiva did not appreciate that requiring a pasuk because he was originally an am haaretz.
The gemora says in Maseches Nedorim (81,1) that EY was destroyed because they did not make a birchas hatorah. The Taz O’CH 47,1 explains this in great detail. The Ran says that the Torah was not chashuv in their eyes, Explains the Chasam Sofer over there that they thought that Torah is only beneficial to know how to do mitzvos, so in itself it does not require a brocho being only a hechsher mitzva. They didn’t realize that the Torah is beneficial when learning lishma to arrive to the truth and therefore it requires a brocho hence it is called Torah lishma, learning for its own sake to arrive to the truth. Rav Chaim says that the cheftza of Torah requires a brocho.January 20, 2020 3:52 pm at 3:52 pm in reply to: Why does Biden get a pass Or ”the donkey in the room ” #1824510
klugeryid, I don’t know if the moderators will allow the aricle., so google biden fires prosecutor. Read the artiicle from USA Today dated October 3, 2019 tiltled Explainer – Biden, allies pushed out Ukranian prosecutor.
The Ben Ish Chai has another mashel for the yetzer hara:
As a man was limping along, another man came riding on a horse. Having mercy on him, he allowed him to sit on the horse in the front holding on to the rains. When they got into town, the one sitting in the front, says to the other, get off my horse. So at the din torah, he argues this is my horse as I am sitting in the front and holding the rains. The dayan realizes that he wants to take his horse, says we know it belongs to you but you should not have allowed him to sit in the front, holding the rains and take over the horse.
The nimshal is obvious. the yetzer hara arrives as a guest and then he takes over.
The Chasam Sofer gives us an eitza how to fight the yetzer hara.
It says in Tehilim (34,15) ס֣וּר מֵ֭רָע וַעֲשֵׂה־ט֑וֹב בַּקֵּ֖שׁ שָׁל֣וֹם וְרָדְפֵֽהוּ Turn away from the bad and do good look for peace and go after it. He explains that there is always a conflict between the body and soul. We would like to make peace and resolve the conflict. So we should basically cycle through the making of peace and go after. We will create a small conflict between the body and soul by doing something inferior to the body and than make peace by letting the body get used to it. It has to be small such that the body will not get frustrated and reject it.
What about YMHA and YWHA?
We find a tefila from Rebbi that we say every morning but we don’t mention yetzer hara. The question is what is the difference between satan hamashchis and yetzer hara? The yetzer hara does different functions, first he influence us to sin and then becomes an accuser.
It says Koheles (11,9) שְׂמַ֧ח בָּח֣וּר בְּיַלְדוּתֶ֗יךָ young man enjoy your youth and then it says וְדָ֕ע כִּ֧י עַל־כָּל־אֵ֛לֶּה יְבִֽיאֲךָ֥ הָאֱלֹקים בַּמִּשְׁפָּֽט realize that for all G-d will take you to judgement. The gemora in Shabbos (63,2) asks that it is a contradiction? It answers that the first part is the yetzer hara and the second part the yetzer tov. The Dubner Magid says that they are both the yetzer hara. He gives a mashel, there was a poor man who was looking around for a place to stay over. The only thing he had is a small back back that he carries on his shoulders. A joker gives the impression that he cares about him by telling him come to my hotel and enjoy yourself. After two weeks staying there the proprietor of the hotel tells him to pay up. He has to hand over the little he has. Going outside saddened, he meets this joker laughing and then he seems to have mercy on him by telling him go back and now fill yourself up to your hearts content as he can’t take anything else away from you.
This is how the yetzer hara operates, first he gets people to sin and then he says there is no help for you and you might as well continue on sinning. He turns into an accuser saying it’s one thing to sin a little but you continue on sinning.
It is cute when it runs after its tail.
We mentiion Rav’s tefila for benching Rosh Chodash. Our girsa is ימלא ה’ כל משאלות לבנו Hashem should fullfil our whole will of our heart has an alternate meaning that the name of Hashem should be come complete (currently its half but we are asking to become full)) לטובה for the good as sometimes we don’t know what is good for us.January 19, 2020 4:41 pm at 4:41 pm in reply to: How should one protest against shmoozers during davening? #1824139
Maybe we should try to explain to him how he is hurting everyone. The Klei Yokor on admonishing each other in Parahas Kedoshim brings a mashel from the midrash where one is travelling on a ship and starts boring a hole under his seat. When the captain questiions him, he says, what do you care what I do under my seat? The Zohar Hakadash says in Parashas Terumah says that through his speech he creates a separation and drives Hashem out who only stays if there is unity.
Once Trump gave aid, he showed that he approves the appropriation of Congress and therefore he violated their enacted law.
We say in the first parasha of krias shma to love Hashem. How we can be commanded on this when love is not in our control? Answers the Midrash that if we follow the rest of the parasha, we will come to love Him.
The RMA says in the above siman 98 that we should have in mind before the tefila the greatness of Hashem and our lowliness. As it says, we should keep our eyes down and heart above.
In sief 2 there it says that currentky we are unable to be mechaven, so why do we bring the halochos from our mishna for workers? The MB s’k 7 says that we should try to do whatever we can, so repeating shmonei esrei for kavono we don’t do, but we try to do the right thing from the outset.
He violated the law by holding back aid that Congress appropriated showing that he is not a president but a monarch above Congress.
There are two places that need kavono
1. krias shma SA O’CH 63,4 61,4-6
2. tefila SA O’CH 98,1
We are more lenient with krias shma than tefila. The enphasis is on the first parsha because of kabolas oul malchus shomayim, but the main kavono is at the first pasuk such that if he is not mechaven, he must repeat it. He should be mechaven that Hashem is One in the heavens and earth in all four directiions and he is reading krias shma to be yotze it and the name and honor of His is blessed for ever and ever.
According to the Constitutiion Article II, the president is suppose to execute the laws enacted by Congress, except if he vetoes it and the Congress can’t override it, and not twarth it.
The above is incorrect should be ברכות טו,א
When we anonciate the words properly and be careful not to swallow the last letter of one word with the next word that starts with the same letter we get rewarded by (if gehinom is required) coiling off the gehinom.
Yosef was a tzadik because he overcame his nature, similarly brings the Beis Yosef O’CH 62 in the name of Rav Yitchok Avuhav author of Monaros Hamaor that he came over his nature not to swallow words gets rewarded that they change the nature of the gehinom for him.
klugeryid, the problem is that he did not hold aid back before this new president Zelinsky of Ukrane when there realy was corruption there, so it looks like the aid currently was not held back because of corruptiin.
There are four places where we find speech in the performance of a mitzva:
1. krias shma SA O’CH 62,3
2. tefila SA O’CH 101,2
3. leinen for oneself when called up
SA O’CH 141,2
4. repeating the parasha
SA O’CH 285,1
Krias shma should be enonciated preferably such that the one saying it can hear it.
Tefila similar to krias shma and therefore Eli thought that Chana was drunk because the custom was like that but Chana only moved her mouth but was not heard by one being next to her. See Teshuva Meahava 1,13.
According to the GRA the Urim Vetumim lit up כשרה and Eli misread it as שכרה. This needs some explanation as the Tumim is supposed to put the letters together. Maybe he became so distracted and did not have the proper machshovos to make the Tumim function correctly. See Ramban Shmos (28,30).
Leinen it says according to the Mechaber to say it so quietly that you can’t hear it whereas the RMA argues that it should not be worse than tefila. Maybe the Mechaber holds that it might distract the Baal Korei next to him.
Repeating the parasha how to say it is not mentioned but just thinking without saying is usually is not considered speech.
Similar to edim zomemim he should show that he could not have done it.
If he is innocent, let him disprove the accusations.
klugeryid,, I applaud you. You did not feel that trump deserves a capital letter in his name.
In SA hilchas tefilin comes before birchas hashachar because it is a good idea to put it on before. We say the brocho אוזר ישראל בגבורה referring also to the tefilin shel yad and עוטר ישראך ישראל בתפארה which refers also to tefilin shel rosh. We have a minhag to kiss them. There is minhag from the Chok Yaakov 490,.2, for those who put on tefilin on chal hamoad. to leave the tefilin on the first day chol hamoad pesach until after leinen as they lein kadesh containing the parasha of tefilin. The Chasam Sofer did not allow someone who did not observe shemita to be olah when it was leined. If someone cannot put on tefillin he should still lein krias shama. The proof is from shabbos, where the Shagas Aryeh 41, says that you are really allowed to put on tefilin, but because of the extra symbol we don’t put it on according to Rebbi Akiva. So why don’t we put it on because of krias shma? We see that is directly, but if no choice then it does not apply.
The gemora says we should not repeat אמת by saying אמת ויציב why not? There is an interesting argument between the Maharal and the Maharam Shik what comes first אמת or שלום? The Magaram Shik holds the אמת comes first because it says אמת והשלום אהבו. He said this against the reformers based on the pasuk ישעיהו פרק מח
אֵ֣ין שָׁל֔וֹם אָמַ֥ר יְדֹוָ֖ד לָרְשָׁעִֽים: there is no peace, Hashem says to the rashoim. The Maharal says that peace comes first because שלום is name of Hashem whereas אמת is the stamp. The name comes before the stamp. Now we learned in SA O’CH 61,9 not the repeat שמע because it looks like two rashuos., You need permission from two, violating what we are saying that there is only one G-d. Could be that the argument in the
in the gemora is, if this also applies not only to the name but also to the stamp.
The gemora says that whoever does not dream for seven days is considered bad. Asks the GRA what control does he have whether he dreams or not? Explains the GRA that Shabbos, when he is free, he should think about this world being a dream, temporary. i gave a contemporary mashel, why shabbos is a symbol? When someone goes on a highway, he sometimes does not know if he is travelling the right direction. When he sees a sign, it will tell him. Shabbos is the sign when we can contemplate if we are travelling in this world in the right direction.
In SA O’CH 62, 5 says clearly to place the hands on the eyes in order not be distracted from accepting oul malchus shomayim with a full kavono.
The Avudraham says that שמע is acronym for עול מלכות שמים.
The Shlah Hakadash says that the word shma also means to unite like וישמע שאול את העם Shaul brought the nation together. The Rabbenu Bachaye in Kad Kameach says that people who have a common cause, the same beliefs tend to unite. Unite the nation of Yisroel because we all believe that Hashem or G-d is One G-d.
Rebbi says in Pirkei Avos 2 – איזהו דרך ישרה שיבור לו האדם what is the proper way that one should chose
כל שתפארת לעשיה ותפארת לו מן האדם – whatever is good for him and good for others. Explains the Midrash Shmuel
if there is choice, ben adam lechavero comes before ben adam lamokam because a ben adam lachavero includes ben adam lamokam. We see from the gemora the importance to interrupt krias shma to give shalom.
At the first pasuk Rebbi placed his hands on his eyes. Why? The Ritvo and the Rosh say that he should not be distracted when he accepts oul malchus shomayim. The Rabbenu Yonah says that he was pointing his eyes towards the four directions to indicate Hashem rules all over, so he wanted to hide that from people seeing it.
I saw a pshat from the Ostroptzer Gaon that we accept oul malchus shomayim blindly without any questions.
We find the expression of reward ימיו ושנותיו his days and years will be extended by leining two times Torah and one time targum and over here by extending the saying of echod. Why the double expression which looks the same? The Ben Yehoda explains that assigned days he will live in quality, having a good life and the years extended will be in quantity, giving him additiinal years as he uses his life productively.
coffee addict, tiimes have changed as I said because of es laasos, so currently she is allowed to learn on her own.
Rebbi came after them. Look at Avi K above. The Magen Avraham argues but the MB 263,27 paskens like the wife of the SMA to make a brocho first then light on Yom Tov. See the Chidushei Chasam Sofer Shabbos 24,2 on the mishna not to burn kodshim on Yom Tov, says that she goes leshitosa lighting Yom Tov early as Shabbos.
Joseph, what about caring for the poor and not throwing them into the water and telling them, sink or swim?
How can I see another topic like In the News?
The old ashkenazim like myself would not budge from their old traditions as saying maarovis on Yom Tov night.
There is a big argument in Maseches Rosh Hashanah 28,1 if מצות צריכות כוונה if we need to keep in mind to be yotze a mitzva. If we don’t need it, what about having a reverse kavono, thinking I don’t want to be yotzei the mitzva.? The difference between humans and animals is that humans think, so why should we not needed? The
Chasan Sofer explains that stoma lishma, if a person wants to do a mitzva, he does it for the proper reason. It could also be the Ritva in Tractate Pesochim explains that making a brocho before performance of the mitzva, indicates inherently that he wants to be yotzei the mitzva. The Mechaber paskens that we do need kavona, and the brocho is not indicative, but a mitzva derabonon does not required it.